Items tagged with engineering

Graphical Programming with MapleSim in Vector Mechanics to Structures 2D

At the present time before constructing or starting to develop a mechanical structures project it is necessary to model it using graphic programming; In this opportunity and used MapleSim as a computational tool belonging to the company Maplesoft. The modern approach to modeling and simulation makes the fabrication of complex designs easy to solve. We will cover some examples taken from the engineering being implemented in Maplesim with insertion of physical objects; To be seen in real time through video output; Then integrates with Maple to analyze the equations and data through the static and dynamic behavior of the fabricated. Solved methods of physical block components include functionality for many domains: rotational and translational mechanics, multi-body dynamics, logic, and structural blocks; With techniques like: Drag-and-Drop Physical Modeling Environment and Create Custom Components Directly From Their Equations, thus the systems that would take hours or days to build from equations; In principle they can be created in a fraction of time using MapleSim, so it can incorporate significantly more complex graphical algorithms. In MapleSim, I use the revolutionary multibody technology that perfectly combines advanced multi-domain modeling tools to provide all the functionality you need in one environment.


Lenin Araujo Castillo

Ambassador Maple - Perú



Everything is simple, until you go underwater – This is what the University of Waterloo Submarine Racing team, or in short ‘WatSub’ coined as their motto. Never mind learning to scuba dive, and dealing with such things as rust, this newly formed team would have to compete against university teams with a decade or more of experience.

But that did not deter the team, and they started work on Ontario’s first submarine racing project. The team approached Maplesoft to be a sponsor and we are proud to have supported this ingenious venture. The team has used Maplesoft technology in the design and testing of the submarine.

“Maple has been our go-to calculations and analysis tool throughout the development of Amy (2015-2016 season), and we will continue using it throughout the development of Bolt (2016-2017 season),” said Gonzalo Espinoza Graham, President of the WatSub Team. “Its familiar interface and computing environment allowed us to set design benchmark targets from early on the design process and follow through with them on the later stage.”

What started as an engineering project in December 2014, becoming officially the first submarine racing team in Ontario. The team soon grew to over 130 general members and a tight core-team, who were eager to tackle new challenges.  The team resides inside the Sedra Student Design Centre, University of Waterloo’s, state of the art facility that houses over 25 student teams, the largest of its kind in North America.  

WatSub made its first appearance on the European International Submarine Races (eISR) back in July 2016, with its 1st submarine ‘Amy’, where a single scuba diver piloted the submarine and propelled it through an unforgiving winding course marked by obstacles and turns 10 meters underwater. The team has since then participated in other competitions and is constantly improving the design and performance of the submarine, learning from each competition they participate in.  Next year Amy will participate in the 14th edition of the eISR international competition. “I think the greatest thing we learned is never to give up,” said Ana Krstanovic, a third-year political science student who manages communications for the team. “We’re more motivated now than ever.”


Ojaswi Tagore, Gonzalo Espinoza Graham, and Janna Henzl represented WatSub at the European International Submarine Race in Gosport, UK.


Another example of an innovative project that Maplesoft supported in 2016 is Waterloop: The Canadian SpaceX Hyperloop Competition Team, Canada's only SpaceX Hyperloop Pod Competition team. This project, which could change the way we travel in the future, is driven by a group of dedicated University of Waterloo students who have taken on the challenge to design and build a functional prototype Hyperloop pod. They will test it on a one-mile test track in Hawthorne, California in January 2017, pitting it against 22 of the 1200+ teams who originally entered the competition.

The Hyperloop is a conceptual next generation high-speed transit system that will take commuters between cities at speeds over 1,000 km/h. The technology will differ from previous rail transit by having pods ride on a cushion of air in a reduced pressure tube in order to reach greater speeds with a smoother ride, and is powered entirely by renewable energy.

 The Hyperloop Pod Competition was launched by Elon Musk, the billionaire engineer and founder of SpaceX and Tesla Motors.  The competition is separated into 3 rounds. The first one was held in late December, where selected teams sent in their initial designs to be reviewed. From there, 180 teams were chosen to compete at Texas A&M University. Each team set up a booth and a panel of judges critiqued them and chose 31 teams to move onto the final, build and test stage.

Waterloop Goose I

Waterloop Goose X

The GOOSE I is Waterloop’s half-scale, functional prototype vehicle pod, which will be the one in the competition.  The GOOSE X pod is a conceptual full size Hyperloop vehicle inspired by the prototype they are building. The full size pod will have a capacity of 26 passengers per pod.

"Our prototype has been designed to be as simple and economical as possible, while still performing all necessary functions for the full size Hyperloop. If it is successful, it has the potential to revolutionize the transit industry in the same manner the train and airplane has before it," said Montgomery de Luna, architectural design lead for Waterloop. “We would like to thank Maplesoft for their generous support.  Without sponsors like Maplesoft supporting our vision and encouraging innovative student projects, we wouldn’t be able to achieve our goal.”

Revolutionizing the transportation industry isn’t easy and is at times frustrating and time consuming for these teams, but having the best tools and resources will ensure that the teams have a good chance at excelling in competitions and creating innovative models that could change our future.

This MaplePrimes guest blog post is from Dr. James Smith, an Assistant Lecturer in the Electrical Engineering and Computer Science Department of York University’s Lassonde School of Engineering. His team has been working with Maplesim to improve the design of assistive devices.

As we go through our everyday lives, we rarely give much thought to the complex motions and movements our bodies go through on a regular basis. Motions and movements that seem so simple on the surface require more strength and coordination to execute than we realize. And these are made far more difficult as we age or when our health is in decline. So what can be done to assist us with these functions?

In recent years, my research team and I have been working on developing more practical and streamlined devices to assist humans with everyday movements, such as standing and sitting. Our objective was to determine if energy could be regenerated in prosthetic devices during these movements, similar to the way in which hybrid electric vehicles recover waste heat from braking and convert it into useable energy.

People use – and potentially generate – more energy than they realize in carrying out common, everyday movements. Our research for this project focused on the leg joints, and investigated which of the three joints (ankle, knee or hip) was able to regenerate the most energy throughout a sitting or standing motion. We were confident that determining this would lead to the development of more efficient locomotive devices for people suffering from diseases or disabilities affecting the muscles around these joints.

In order to identify the point at which regenerative power is at its peak, we determined that MapleSim was the best tool to help us gather the desired data. We took biomechanical data from actual human trials and applied them to a robotic model that mimics human movements when transitioning between sitting and standing positions. We created models to measure unique movements and energy consumption at each joint throughout the identified movements to determine where the greatest regeneration occurred.

To successfully carry out our research, it was essential that we were able to model the complex chemical reactions that occur within the battery needed to power the assistive device. It is a challenge finding this feature in many engineering software programs and MapleSim’s battery modeling library saved our team a great deal of time and effort during the process, as we were able to use an existing MapleSim model and simply make adjustments to fit our project.

Using MapleSim, we developed a simplified model of the human leg with a foot firmly planted on the ground, followed by a more complex model with a realistic human foot that could be raised off the ground. The first model was used to create a simplified model-based motion controller that was then applied to the second model. The human trials we conducted produced the necessary data for input into a multi-domain MapleSim model that was used to accurately simulate the necessary motions to properly analyze battery autonomy.

The findings that resulted from our research have useful and substantial applications for prostheses and orthoses designs. If one is able to determine the most efficient battery autonomy, operation of these assistive devices can be prolonged, and smaller, lighter batteries can be used to power them. Ultimately, our simulations and the resulting data create the possibility of more efficient devices that can reduce joint loads during standing to sitting processes, and vice versa.

I would like to use the angle symbol to represent polar numbers (phasor notation for electrical engineering. In other words, I would like to enter 10<30 instead of polar(10, pi/6). Also, I would like the results displayed with the angle notation.  Is this possible in Maple. In the "other package" by PTC this is trivial. Even on a TI graphing calucator it is trivial. Someone please tell me it is possible in Maple.

For computation, Maple is great. For presentation, there is a lot to be desired. 


When doing numerical calculations or evaluations it is very useful to have float results shown in numeric notation, where the exponent is 3 * n.

Below are some simple calculations:

Is there a way to make Maple show the resultin (1) .. (3) as:

  • 333.3 106
  • 333.3 103
  • 333.3 100 or just 333.3


Recently, entered a engineering graduate program and will be taking a graduate engineering class in my retirement.  In our Into classes we reviewed engineering math through ODE. In the second class, we performed some numerical methods using MatLab with a small introduction.  My formal Math wass in the 1980s, but now have to fire it up for a Engineering Analysis using Michael Greenberg's Advanced Engineering Mathematics, 2nd which has Maple imbedded code and directions.


What would be my assignment for getting up to speed with using Maple to solve algebraic-symbol-programming problems? For instance, which tutorials in what order, or webinars? i think I once had Fortran 77 and remember zip.


Appreciate any good advice.


We've added a collection of thermal engineering applications to the Application Center. You could think of it as an e-book.

This collection has a few features that I think are pretty neat

  • The applications are collected together in a Workbook; a single file gives you access to 30 applications
  • You can navigate the contents using the Navigator or a hyperlinked table of contents
  • You can change working fluids and operating conditions, while still using accurate thermophysical data

If you don't have Maple 2016, you can view and navigate the applications (and interactive with a few) using the free Player.

The collection includes these applications.

  • Psychrometric Modeling
    • Swamp Cooler
    • Adiabatic Mixing of Air
    • Human Comfort Zone
    • Dew Point and Wet Bulb Temperature
    • Interactive Psychrometric Chart
  • Thermodynamic Cycles
    • Ideal Brayton Cycle
    • Optimize a Rankine Cycle
    • Efficiency of a Rankine Cycle
    • Turbine Analysis
    • Organic Rankine Cycle
    • Isothermal Compression of Methane
    • Adiabatic Compression of Methane
  • Refrigeration
    • COP of a Refrigeration Cycle
    • Flow Through an Expansion Valve
    • Food Refrigeration
    • Rate of Refrigerant Boiling
    • Refrigeration Cycle Analysis 1
    • Refrigeration Cycle Analysis 2
  • Miscellaneous
    • Measurement Error in a Manometer
    • Particle Falling Through Air
    • Saturation Temperature of Fluids
    • Water Fountain
    • Water in Piston
  • Heat Transfer
    • Dittus-Boelter Correlation
    • Double Pipe Heat Exchanger
    • Energy Needed to Vaporize Ethanol
    • Heat Transfer Coefficient Across a Flat Plate
  • Vapor-Liquid Equilibria
    • Water-Ethanol

I have a few ideas for more themed Maple application collections. Data analysis, anyone?

Maple is a scientific software based on Computational Algebraic System (SAC) which has enabled this work entirely solve applied to Civil Engineering, Mechanical and Mecatrónica.The present problems in education, research and engineering are developed with static work sheets ie coding used innecesaria.Maple proposed models are shown below with an innovative structure; with the method of graphics algorithms and embedded components; putting aside the traditional and obsolete syntax; using dynamic worksheets as viable and optimal solutions to interpret and explain problems Ingineering.Design Advanced Analysis Tools (Applied Mathematics) Sophisticated Applications (efficient algorithms) and Multiple deployment options (different styles); this allowed generate math apps (applications engineering); can be interactive on the internet without the need to have the software installed on our computer; This way our projects can be used with a vision of sustainability around the world. Resulting in the generation of data and curves; which in turn will help you make better decisions analytical and predictive modeling in manufacturing and 3D objects; which would lead to new patterns of contrasting solutions.


Lenin Araujo Castillo

Ambassador of Maple - Perú




Valery Ochkov and Volodymyr Voloshchuk have developed a series of thermal engineering applications in Maple 2016. The applications explore steam turbine power generation and refrigeration cycles, and use the ThermophysicalData package for fluid properties.

Their work can be found at the following locations on the Application Center.

I especially like

  • this application, which optimizes the extraction pressures of a steam turbine to maximize its efficiency,
  • and this application, which plots the state of a two-stage refrigeration cycle on a pressure-enthalpy chart.

In this course you will learn automatically using Maple course Statics applied to civil engineering especially noting the use of components properly. Let us see the use of Maple to Engineering.

(in spanish)


Lenin Araujo Castillo

Ambassador of Maple

Hello, I'm new to Maple and have a problem with making some electrical engineering.

I miss the unit VA (volt-ampere) which is used in AC. Maple won't recognize it and when I type it separately it changes to W (watt).

Hope someone can help me, thank!

By the way, how do you insert "Maple Code" in here?

In this paper we will demonstrate the importance of using simple to complex algorithms applied to complex systems in civil and mechanical engineering. In order to develop solutions that developers need to be involved in issues of advanced dynamic computer science. We show how is that with the Maple scientific program and through component-based algorithms can generate power then then be inserted into specific algorithms. Will form patterns with movements of rotation and revolution of their axes, in each case to model and analyze the curves thereof comprising. With these modelalos and curve analysis we can predict manufacturing costs, freight, inter alia estrcturas which they can be used with the correct use of Maplesoft.



(in spanish)

Lenin Araujo Castillo





ABSTRACT. In this paper we demonstrate how the simulation of dynamic systems engineering has been implemented with graphics software algorithms using maple and MapleSim. Today, many of our researchers the computational modeling performed by inserting a piece of code from static work; with these packages we have implemented through the automation components of kinematics and dynamics of solids simple to complex.

It is very important to note that once developed equations study; recently we can move to the simulation; to thereby start the physical construction of the system. We will use mathematical and computational methods using the embedded buttons which lie in the dynamics leaves and viewing platform cloud of Maplesoft and power MapleNet for online evaluation of specialists in the area. Finally they will see some work done; which integrate various mechanical and computational concepts implemented for companies in real time and pattern of credibility.



(in spanish)


Lenin Araujo Castillo



In this paper we will demonstrate the many differences of implementation in the modeling of mechanical systems using embedded components through Maplesoft. The mechanical systems are used for different tasks and therefore have different structure in its design; as to the nature of the used functional elements placed on them, they vary greatly. This diversity is reflected in approaches and practices in modeling.

The following cases focus on mechanical components of the units manufacturing and processing machines. We can generate graphs for analysis using different dynamic pair ametros; all in real-time considerations in its manufacturing costs from the equations of conservation of energy.
Therefore modeling with Maplesoft ensures the smooth optimum performance in mechanical systems, highlighting the sustainability criteria for other areas of engineering.



(in spanish)




Here the potential of maple 2015 to the quantitative study of the decomposition of a vector table is shown in two dimensions. Application for the exclusive use of engineering students, which was implemented with embedded components.


Lenin Araujo Castillo

Archivo Corregido:  Decomposició

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