Items tagged with limit

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L := sum( 1/ln(k), k=2..n ) * ln(n)/n;
        
limit(L, n=infinity);
                               0
# Should be 1

Just curious: in Maple 2017, is it OK?

 

Maple 2017 has launched!

Maple 2017 is the result of hard work by an enthusiastic team of developers and mathematicians.

As ever, we’re guided by you, our users. Many of the new features are of a result of your feedback, while others are passion projects that we feel you will find value in.

Here’s a few of my favourite enhancements. There’s far more that’s new - see What’s New in Maple 2017 to learn more.

 

MapleCloud Package Manager

Since it was first introduced in Maple 14, the MapleCloud has made thousands of Maple documents and interactive applications available through a web interface.

Maple 2017 completely refreshes the MapleCloud experience. Allied with a new, crisp, interface, you can now download and install user-created packages.

Simply open the MapleCloud interface from within Maple, and a mouse click later, you see a list of user-created packages, continuously updated via the Internet. Two clicks later, you’ve downloaded and installed a package.

This completely bypasses the traditional process of searching for and downloading a package, copying to the right folder, and then modifying libname in Maple. That was a laborious process, and, unless I was motivated, stopped me from installing packages.

The MapleCloud hosts a growing number of packages.

Many regular visitors to MaplePrimes are already familiar with Sergey Moiseev’s DirectSearch package for optimization, equation solving and curve fitting.

My fellow product manager, @DSkoog has written a package for grouping data into similar clusters (called ClusterAnalysis on the Package Manager)

Here’s a sample from a package I hacked together for downloading maps images using the Google Maps API (it’s called Google Maps and Geocoding on the Package Manager).

You’ll also find user-developed packages for exploring AES-based encryption, orthogonal series expansions, building Maple shell scripts and more.

Simply by making the process of finding and installing packages trivially easy, we’ve opened up a new world of functionality to users.

Maple 2017 also offers a simple method for package authors to upload workbook-based packages to the MapleCloud.

We’re engaging with many package authors to add to the growing list of packages on the MapleCloud. We’d be interested in seeing your packages, too!

 

Advanced Math

We’re committed to continually improving the core symbolic math routines. Here area few examples of what to expect in Maple 2017.

Resulting from enhancements to the Risch algorithm, Maple 2017 now computes symbolic integrals that were previously intractable

Groeber:-Basis uses a new implementation of the FGLM algorithm. The example below runs about 200 times faster in Maple 2017.

gcdex now uses a sparse primitive polynomial remainder sequence together.  For sparse structured problems the new routine is orders of magnitude faster. The example below was previously intractable.

The asympt and limit commands can now handle asymptotic cases of the incomplete Γ function where both arguments tend to infinity and their quotient remains finite.

Among several improvements in mathematical functions, you can now calculate and manipulate the four multi-parameter Appell functions.

 

Appel functions are of increasing importance in quantum mechanics, molecular physics, and general relativity.

pdsolve has seen many enhancements. For example, you can tell Maple that a dependent variable is bounded. This has the potential of simplifying the form of a solution.

 

Plot Builder

Plotting is probably the most common application of Maple, and for many years, you’ve been able to create these plots without using commands, if you want to.  Now, the re-designed interactive Plot Builder makes this process easier and better.

When invoked by a context menu or command on an expression or function, a panel slides out from the right-hand side of the interface.

 

Generating and customizing plots takes a single mouse click. You alter plot types, change formatting options on the fly and more.

To help you better learn Maple syntax, you can also display the actual plot command.

Password Protected Content

You can distribute password-protected executable content. This feature uses the workbook file format introduced with Maple 2016.

You can lock down any worksheet in a Workbook. But from any other worksheet, you can send (author-specified) parameters into the locked worksheet, and extract (author-specified) results.

 

Plot Annotations

You can now get information to pop up when you hover over a point or a curve on a plot.

In this application, you see the location and magnitude of an earthquake when you hover over a point

Here’s a ternary diagram of the color of gold-silver-copper alloys. If you let your mouse hover over the points, you see the composition of the points

Plot annotations may seem like a small feature, but they add an extra layer of depth to your visualizations. I’ve started using them all the time!

 

Engineering Portal

In my experience, if you ask an engineer how they prefer to learn, the vast majority of them will say “show me an example”. The significantly updated Maple Portal for Engineers does just that, incorporating many more examples and sample applications.  In fact, it has a whole new Application Gallery containing dozens of applications that solve concrete problems from different branches of engineering while illustrating important Maple techniques.

Designed as a starting point for engineers using Maple, the Portal also includes information on math and programming, interface features for managing your projects, data analysis and visualization tools, working with physical and scientific data, and a variety of specialized topics.

 

Geographic Data

You can now generate and customize world maps. This for example, is a choropleth of European fertility rates (lighter colors indicate lower fertility rates)

You can plot great circles that show the shortest path between two locations, show varying levels of detail on the map, and even experiment with map projections.

A new geographic database contains over one million locations, cross-referenced with their longitude, latitude, political designation and population.

The database is tightly linked to the mapping tools. Here, we ask Maple to plot the location of country capitals with a population of greater than 8 million and a longitude lower than 30.

 

There’s much more to Maple 2017. It’s a deep, rich release that has something for everyone.

Visit What’s New in Maple 2017 to learn more.

Hello,
I need to formulate the follow relationship in proper math symbols:

Differential in A (last days value minus today's) has a tendency to reach the Differential in B (today's)

I though this could be expressed with

AΔ -> BΔ

BUt I guess there are more elegant and mathematically correct ways to do this in Maple?

thank you!
Dave

Hi

I would like to compute the limit as t goes to infinity.

Let delta be a given positive real number

restart;
assume(t, positive);

g := (t,delta) arrow  maximization(minimization(abs(x^(2^(-t))-y), y = 0 .. delta), x = 0 .. 1) ;

then I would like to compute the limit of g(t,delta) as t goes to infinity

Many thanks for any help

Hi

I would like to compute the limit as t goes to +infinity of

restart;
assume(t, positive);

g(t):=minimize(abs(x^(2^(-t))-1),x=1-delta.1+delta);

where delta is very small such that 1- delta is positive.

Then I would like to compute the limit as to goes to infinity of g(t)

Many thanks

 


 

 

 

Any one know if it possible to see the steps used by the limit() function as one does with many other functions such as dsolve and int ?  This is what I tried

restart;
infolevel[limit]:=5;
interface(verboseproc=3);
limit(x^2 *log(x),x=0);

But I see no steps, only the final answer. Are not all Maple functions possible to trace? How does one know which functions can generate trace and which do not?

I am using Maple 2016.1

I wanted to see something like:

let x=1/t, hence expression becomes  (-ln t)/t^2, now taking limit as t->infinity. Applying L'Hopital rule, limit t->infinity of -1/(2 t^2) which gives zero.

I assumed this is something what Maple does internally, (but there are other ways also) and wanted to see what Maple does.

 

Let us consider 

Student[Precalculus]:-LimitTutor(sqrt(x), x = 2);

One expects a nice illustration of the result sqrt(2). But instead of that one reads "f(x) approaches 1.41 as x approaches 2". This is simply ignorant and forms a wrong understanding of limits. It should also be noticed that all the entries (left, 2-sided, and right) produce the same animation. The same issue with other limits I tried, e.g.

Student[Precalculus]:-LimitTutor(sqrt(x), x = 1);

. I think this command should be completely rewritten or excluded from Maple. 

Let us consider 

J := int(x^n/sqrt(1+x^n), x = 0 .. 1) assuming n > 0;

2*(2^(1/2)-hypergeom([1/2, 1/n], [(n+1)/n], -1))/(2+n)

limit(J,n=infinity);
FAIL
MultiSeries:-limit(J,n=infinity);
FAIL

Mma 11 finds the limit is zero. Hope one feels the difference.

limit((x^2-1)*sin(1/(x-1)), x = infinity, complex);
infinity-infinity*I
MultiSeries:-limit((x^2-1)*sin(1/(x-1)), x = infinity, complex);
infinity

whereas the same outputs are expected. The help http://www.maplesoft.com/support/help/Maple/view.aspx?path=infinity&term=infinity does not shed light on the problem. Here are few pearls:

  • infinity is used to denote a mathematical infinity, and hence it is usually used as a symbol by itself or as -infinity.
  • The quantities infinity, -infinity, infinity*I, -infinity*I, infinity + y*I, -infinity + y*I, x + infinity*I and x - infinity*I, where x and y are finite, are all considered to be distinct in Maple. However, all 2-component complex numerics in which both components are infinity are considered to be the same (representing the single point at the "north pole" of the Riemann sphere).
  • The type cx_infinity can be used to recognize this "north pole" infinity.

sorry what is what dispatch and implementing what? i get these every week for a number of cases sometimes it specifies that it is an "unhandled psi case" still waiting on that built in proc u guys where gonna dispatch like u know the reasons ppl always have a whinge about evalf not working in some cases  anyway a few people have run into these error id say.

when a term in the evaluation of some calculus functions particularly, i sometimes arrive at output in the general form as follows:

 

Algebraic expression + undefined

 

i am just wondering if there is a function i can call that will return the specific details as to what error the term "undefined" placeholder has stored im assuming such information is held, ie is it undefined as a consequence of the limits either side not being equal to one another or is it a 0/0 evaluation.

Hello people in mapleprimes,

I want to distribute limit or Limit to each terms of summation.

Limit(f(a+h)-f(a),h=0);

But, the output is not distributed one, but the same as the input, though

I want it to become Limit(f(a+h),h=0)+Limit(f(a),h=0), or

Limit(f(a+h),h=0)+f(a).

Isn't there any way for it, other than a trivial one that is

subs(Limit(f(a+h)-f(a),h=0)=Limit(f(a+h),h=0)+Limit(f(a),h=0),Limit(f(a+h)-f(a),h=0));

?

I hope someone will teach me.

Thanks in advance.

taro

 

How I can solve this:

 \lambda(x_0) = \lim_{n\rightarrow\infty} \frac{1}{n} \ln\left|\frac{df^n(x_0)}{dx}\right|
for different fn(x0) ? for f(x)=exp(x^2(a-x))



I want to make sense of the expression

Int(t^2/ln(t)*exp(-t), t=0..infinity);

The denominator vanishes at t=1.  The singularity at t=1 is not integrable.  I want to see whether the integral is defined in the sense of Cauchy principal value.  Thus, I let

K := Int(t^2/ln(t)*exp(-t), t=0..1-a) + Int(t^2/ln(t)*exp(-t), t=1+a..infinity);

and wish to see whether the following limit exists:

limit(K, a=0, right);

Maple cannot evaluate this.  Nor can I.  Alternatively, we may try:

series(K, a=0);

or

series(K, a=0) assuming a>0, a<1;

In both cases Maple says that it is unable to compute the series.

So my question is: Does the Cauchy principal value exist, and can Maple help one to determine that?

 

The following integral
f := u-> int(-1/(x*sqrt(-1+u^2*(x+1)^2*x^2)), x = (1/2)*(-u-sqrt(u^2-4*u))/u .. (1/2)*(-u+sqrt(u^2-4*u))/u);
arised in an applied research. I was asked about its properties:
plot on RealRange(4,infinity), limit(f(u),u=4,right), limit(f(u),u=infinity).
Unfortunately, I lost a file. As far as I remember it, I have had a problem with
the last-named one only:

limit(f(u), u = infinity);


MultiSeries:-limit(f(u), u = infinity);

asympt(f(u), u, 2);

Error, (in asympt) unable to compute series

Hope my colleagues will make progress with it. The assumed value is Pi/2.

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