## Plot of Position Vector in Maple

Maple 18

As you can see this app performs the trace of a given path r (t), then locate the position vector in a specific time. It also graphs the velocity vector, acceleration, Tangential and Normal unit vectors, along with the Binormal. Very good app developed entirely in Maple for our engineering students.

Plot_of_Position_Vector_UPDATED.mw

https://youtu.be/OzAwShHHXq8

Lenin Araujo Castillo

## App for fluids in flat state of rest

Maple 2016

This app is used to study the behavior of water in its different properties besides air. Also included is the study of the fluids in the state of rest ie the pressure generated on a flat surface. Integral developed in Maple for the community of users in space to the civil engineers.

App_for_fluids_in_flat_state_of_rest.mw

Lenin Araujo Castillo

## Kinematics using syntax in Maple

Maple 18

In this file you will be able to observe and analyze how the exercises and problems of Kinematics and Dynamics are solved using the commands and operators through a very well-structured syntax; Allowing me to save time and use it in interpretation. I hope you can share and spread to break the traditional and unnecessary myths. Only for Engineering and Science. Share if you like.

In Spanish.

Kinematics_using_syntax_in_Maple.mw

Lenin Araujo Castillo

## Two Ingenious Student Engineering Projects from...

Maple

Everything is simple, until you go underwater – This is what the University of Waterloo Submarine Racing team, or in short ‘WatSub’ coined as their motto. Never mind learning to scuba dive, and dealing with such things as rust, this newly formed team would have to compete against university teams with a decade or more of experience.

But that did not deter the team, and they started work on Ontario’s first submarine racing project. The team approached Maplesoft to be a sponsor and we are proud to have supported this ingenious venture. The team has used Maplesoft technology in the design and testing of the submarine.

“Maple has been our go-to calculations and analysis tool throughout the development of Amy (2015-2016 season), and we will continue using it throughout the development of Bolt (2016-2017 season),” said Gonzalo Espinoza Graham, President of the WatSub Team. “Its familiar interface and computing environment allowed us to set design benchmark targets from early on the design process and follow through with them on the later stage.”

What started as an engineering project in December 2014, becoming officially the first submarine racing team in Ontario. The team soon grew to over 130 general members and a tight core-team, who were eager to tackle new challenges.  The team resides inside the Sedra Student Design Centre, University of Waterloo’s state of the art facility that houses over 25 student teams, the largest of its kind in North America.

WatSub made its first appearance on the European International Submarine Races (eISR) back in July 2016, with its 1st submarine ‘Amy’, where a single scuba diver piloted the submarine and propelled it through an unforgiving winding course marked by obstacles and turns 10 meters underwater. The team has since then participated in other competitions and is constantly improving the design and performance of the submarine, learning from each competition they participate in.  Next year Amy will participate in the 14th edition of the eISR international competition. “I think the greatest thing we learned is never to give up,” said Ana Krstanovic, a third-year political science student who manages communications for the team. “We’re more motivated now than ever.”

Ojaswi Tagore, Gonzalo Espinoza Graham, and Janna Henzl represented WatSub at the European International Submarine Race in Gosport, UK.

Another example of an innovative project that Maplesoft supported in 2016 is Waterloop: The Canadian SpaceX Hyperloop Competition Team, Canada's only SpaceX Hyperloop Pod Competition team. This project, which could change the way we travel in the future, is driven by a group of dedicated University of Waterloo students who have taken on the challenge to design and build a functional prototype Hyperloop pod. They will test it on a one-mile test track in Hawthorne, California in January 2017, pitting it against 22 of the 1200+ teams who originally entered the competition.

The Hyperloop is a conceptual next generation high-speed transit system that will take commuters between cities at speeds over 1,000 km/h. The technology will differ from previous rail transit by having pods ride on a cushion of air in a reduced pressure tube in order to reach greater speeds with a smoother ride, and is powered entirely by renewable energy.

The Hyperloop Pod Competition was launched by Elon Musk, the billionaire engineer and founder of SpaceX and Tesla Motors.  The competition is separated into 3 rounds. The first one was held in late December, where selected teams sent in their initial designs to be reviewed. From there, 180 teams were chosen to compete at Texas A&M University. Each team set up a booth and a panel of judges critiqued them and chose 31 teams to move onto the final, build and test stage.

Waterloop Goose I

Waterloop Goose X

The GOOSE I is Waterloop’s half-scale, functional prototype vehicle pod, which will be the one in the competition.  The GOOSE X pod is a conceptual full size Hyperloop vehicle inspired by the prototype they are building. The full size pod will have a capacity of 26 passengers per pod.

"Our prototype has been designed to be as simple and economical as possible, while still performing all necessary functions for the full size Hyperloop. If it is successful, it has the potential to revolutionize the transit industry in the same manner the train and airplane has before it," said Montgomery de Luna, architectural design lead for Waterloop. “We would like to thank Maplesoft for their generous support.  Without sponsors like Maplesoft supporting our vision and encouraging innovative student projects, we wouldn’t be able to achieve our goal.”

Revolutionizing the transportation industry isn’t easy and is at times frustrating and time consuming for these teams, but having the best tools and resources will ensure that the teams have a good chance at excelling in competitions and creating innovative models that could change our future.

## Utilizing MapleSim to Improve Assisted Living...

This MaplePrimes guest blog post is from Dr. James Smith, an Assistant Lecturer in the Electrical Engineering and Computer Science Department of York University’s Lassonde School of Engineering. His team has been working with Maplesim to improve the design of assistive devices.

As we go through our everyday lives, we rarely give much thought to the complex motions and movements our bodies go through on a regular basis. Motions and movements that seem so simple on the surface require more strength and coordination to execute than we realize. And these are made far more difficult as we age or when our health is in decline. So what can be done to assist us with these functions?

In recent years, my research team and I have been working on developing more practical and streamlined devices to assist humans with everyday movements, such as standing and sitting. Our objective was to determine if energy could be regenerated in prosthetic devices during these movements, similar to the way in which hybrid electric vehicles recover waste heat from braking and convert it into useable energy.

People use – and potentially generate – more energy than they realize in carrying out common, everyday movements. Our research for this project focused on the leg joints, and investigated which of the three joints (ankle, knee or hip) was able to regenerate the most energy throughout a sitting or standing motion. We were confident that determining this would lead to the development of more efficient locomotive devices for people suffering from diseases or disabilities affecting the muscles around these joints.

In order to identify the point at which regenerative power is at its peak, we determined that MapleSim was the best tool to help us gather the desired data. We took biomechanical data from actual human trials and applied them to a robotic model that mimics human movements when transitioning between sitting and standing positions. We created models to measure unique movements and energy consumption at each joint throughout the identified movements to determine where the greatest regeneration occurred.

To successfully carry out our research, it was essential that we were able to model the complex chemical reactions that occur within the battery needed to power the assistive device. It is a challenge finding this feature in many engineering software programs and MapleSim’s battery modeling library saved our team a great deal of time and effort during the process, as we were able to use an existing MapleSim model and simply make adjustments to fit our project.

Using MapleSim, we developed a simplified model of the human leg with a foot firmly planted on the ground, followed by a more complex model with a realistic human foot that could be raised off the ground. The first model was used to create a simplified model-based motion controller that was then applied to the second model. The human trials we conducted produced the necessary data for input into a multi-domain MapleSim model that was used to accurately simulate the necessary motions to properly analyze battery autonomy.

The findings that resulted from our research have useful and substantial applications for prostheses and orthoses designs. If one is able to determine the most efficient battery autonomy, operation of these assistive devices can be prolonged, and smaller, lighter batteries can be used to power them. Ultimately, our simulations and the resulting data create the possibility of more efficient devices that can reduce joint loads during standing to sitting processes, and vice versa.

## How do I get Up to Speed in Maple for Graduate Cla...

Recently, entered a engineering graduate program and will be taking a graduate engineering class in my retirement.  In our Into classes we reviewed engineering math through ODE. In the second class, we performed some numerical methods using MatLab with a small introduction.  My formal Math wass in the 1980s, but now have to fire it up for a Engineering Analysis using Michael Greenberg's Advanced Engineering Mathematics, 2nd which has Maple imbedded code and directions.

What would be my assignment for getting up to speed with using Maple to solve algebraic-symbol-programming problems? For instance, which tutorials in what order, or webinars? i think I once had Fortran 77 and remember zip.

MathMan2

## Thermal Engineering Application Collection

by: Maple 2016

We've added a collection of thermal engineering applications to the Application Center. You could think of it as an e-book.

This collection has a few features that I think are pretty neat

• The applications are collected together in a Workbook; a single file gives you access to 30 applications
• You can change working fluids and operating conditions, while still using accurate thermophysical data

If you don't have Maple 2016, you can view and navigate the applications (and interactive with a few) using the free Player.

The collection includes these applications.

• Psychrometric Modeling
• Swamp Cooler
• Human Comfort Zone
• Dew Point and Wet Bulb Temperature
• Interactive Psychrometric Chart
• Thermodynamic Cycles
• Ideal Brayton Cycle
• Optimize a Rankine Cycle
• Efficiency of a Rankine Cycle
• Turbine Analysis
• Organic Rankine Cycle
• Isothermal Compression of Methane
• Refrigeration
• COP of a Refrigeration Cycle
• Flow Through an Expansion Valve
• Food Refrigeration
• Rate of Refrigerant Boiling
• Refrigeration Cycle Analysis 1
• Refrigeration Cycle Analysis 2
• Miscellaneous
• Measurement Error in a Manometer
• Particle Falling Through Air
• Saturation Temperature of Fluids
• Water Fountain
• Water in Piston
• Heat Transfer
• Dittus-Boelter Correlation
• Double Pipe Heat Exchanger
• Energy Needed to Vaporize Ethanol
• Heat Transfer Coefficient Across a Flat Plate
• Vapor-Liquid Equilibria
• Water-Ethanol

I have a few ideas for more themed Maple application collections. Data analysis, anyone?

## New Thermal Engineering Applications on Application...

by: Maple 2016

Valery Ochkov and Volodymyr Voloshchuk have developed a series of thermal engineering applications in Maple 2016. The applications explore steam turbine power generation and refrigeration cycles, and use the ThermophysicalData package for fluid properties.

Their work can be found at the following locations on the Application Center.

I especially like

• this application, which optimizes the extraction pressures of a steam turbine to maximize its efficiency,
• and this application, which plots the state of a two-stage refrigeration cycle on a pressure-enthalpy chart.

## Static for Engineering

Maple 2015

In this course you will learn automatically using Maple course Statics applied to civil engineering especially noting the use of components properly. Let us see the use of Maple to Engineering.

Static_for_Engineering.mw

(in spanish)

Atte.

Lenin Araujo Castillo

## Electrical units...

Hello, I'm new to Maple and have a problem with making some electrical engineering.

I miss the unit VA (volt-ampere) which is used in AC. Maple won't recognize it and when I type it separately it changes to W (watt).

Hope someone can help me, thank!

By the way, how do you insert "Maple Code" in here?

## Generation of math apps in dynamic systems engineering...

Maple 2015

ABSTRACT. In this paper we demonstrate how the simulation of dynamic systems engineering has been implemented with graphics software algorithms using maple and MapleSim. Today, many of our researchers the computational modeling performed by inserting a piece of code from static work; with these packages we have implemented through the automation components of kinematics and dynamics of solids simple to complex.

It is very important to note that once developed equations study; recently we can move to the simulation; to thereby start the physical construction of the system. We will use mathematical and computational methods using the embedded buttons which lie in the dynamics leaves and viewing platform cloud of Maplesoft and power MapleNet for online evaluation of specialists in the area. Finally they will see some work done; which integrate various mechanical and computational concepts implemented for companies in real time and pattern of credibility.

Selasi_2015.pdf

(in spanish)

Lenin Araujo Castillo

## Modeling and analysis of mechanical systems with...

Maple 2015

In this paper we will demonstrate the many differences of implementation in the modeling of mechanical systems using embedded components through Maplesoft. The mechanical systems are used for different tasks and therefore have different structure in its design; as to the nature of the used functional elements placed on them, they vary greatly. This diversity is reflected in approaches and practices in modeling.

The following cases focus on mechanical components of the units manufacturing and processing machines. We can generate graphs for analysis using different dynamic pair ametros; all in real-time considerations in its manufacturing costs from the equations of conservation of energy.
Therefore modeling with Maplesoft ensures the smooth optimum performance in mechanical systems, highlighting the sustainability criteria for other areas of engineering.

XXXIII_Coloquio_SMP_2015.pdf

XXXIII_Coloquio_UNASAM_2015.mw

(in spanish)

L.AraujoC.

## Vector Analysis for Engineering: Using Maplesoft...

Maple 2015

In this work the theme of vector analysis shown from a computational point of view; this being a very important role in the engineering component; in civil and mechanical special it is why, using the scientific software Maple develops interactive solutions for long processes through MapleCloud calculations. At present the majority of professors / researchers perform static classes open source leaves; so that our students learn and memorize commands, thus generating more time learning in the area. Loading Bookseller VectorCalculus develop topics: vector algebra, differential operators, conservative fields, etc. Maplesoft making processes provide immediate calculations long operation Embedded Components displayed in line with MapleNet integrations. Today our future engineers to design solutions and will be launched in the cloud thus being a process with global qualification in the specialty. Significantly Maple is a scientific software which allows the researcher to design their own innovations and not use themes for their manufacturers.

III_CRF_2015.pdf

CRF_2015.mw

L.AraujoC.

## Study of the Dynamics of the Solid

In this paper of presents under a totally modern sound environment dynamics; using embedded components that gives us the Cybernet Company through its product Maple 2015. Using classical techniques vector equations describe the particle, particle system and solid bodies. We note that the solutions o ered by this software motivate students civil and mechanical engineering to nd optimal answers. Integrating algorithms own programming language and solid mechanics using buttons we relate the movement of translation and rotation with reference to its center of mass.
Choosing envelopes graphical methods, functional programming and mathematical computer display modeling reached alternatives to achieve the next generation of engineers. Therefore this work show that the use of
embedded components allow us to merge the traditional and the computer; It means that all these equations using physical and propose viable criteria we perform in a dynamic sheet; which they have a number of components; then generate simulations with real objects.

Congreso COMAP 2015.pdf

Study of the Dynamics of the Solid with Embedded Components in Civil Engineering with Maplesoft.mw

(in spanish)

L.AraujoC.

## A Mathematical Software for All Serious Researcher...

by: Maple

For the past thirty years, I have used several mathematical packages for problem solving and graphing. It all started with spreadsheet software that really helped speedup calculations compared to calculators. As many people do, once I had one tool I then started looking for another that would offer even more capabilities and features. I tested several of the very early math software but none really did all that I wanted until I came across Maple while I was working at SPAR Aerospace in Canada. For me, the rest is history. As long as I had a copy of Maple, it was all that I needed.

On occasions when I did not have a copy of this amazing software, I resorted to spreadsheets once more to complete fairly large and complex projects involving large databases and large numbers of calculations, especially when performing What-If scenarios. One distinct disadvantage of using a spreadsheet was the cryptic form of equation writing. I had to divide one long equation into several sections in different cells and then add them all up, which clearly is not good for documentation of the calculations. It is also very confusing for other engineers to know what that equation is or what it does. The development of the full engineering spreadsheet took months to complete, debug and verify. During this process, when I had errors, it was often very difficult to track exactly where the problem was, making the debugging process time consuming and sometimes very frustrating.

Having worked with Maple before, I remembered how easy it was to enter equations in a very familiar, readable math format. The real power of this software is that it allows you to write the equation(s) anyway you like and solve for any given parameter, unlike spreadsheets where you have to solve the problem first, by hand, for the parameter you want and then get the spreadsheet to calculate the value. I remember one time a few years ago when I wrote nine or ten simultaneous differential equations all in symbolic form and asked Maple to calculate certain parameters in a fully symbolic form. To my utmost disbelief, the answer came back within few minutes. With results in hand, I was able to quickly finish my research, and the results were published at PCIM Europe 2005 in “Distributed Gate ESR and its Effect on Shoot Through Performance at the Die Level”. I would never have gotten the results I needed if I was using a spreadsheet.

Even with much simpler systems of equations, finding solutions with a paper and pencil was never an easy task for me. It took a very long time, and even then there was no guarantee that I did not make copying errors, accidentally leave out a term, or make a calculation error. After I found the correct solution, I then had the problem of plotting the results, which I often needed in 3-D. Plotting allowed much deeper insights into the interdependency of all the parameters and made it easy for me to concentrate on the important ones without wasting any time. I was very happy when I could pass all these tasks onto Maple, which could do them much faster and more reliably then I ever could. Maple is a software that allows me to go beyond routine engineering calculations and gives me the tools to reach levels of insight and understanding that were completely out of reach of the average engineer until a few years ago.

For the record, I have no business affiliations with Maplesoft. I’m writing this article because Maple makes such a difference in my work that I feel it is important to share my experiences so other engineers can get the same benefits.

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