Question: What is the mathematical definition of "walking forward"?

In the website there is an animation of an insect tracing a path on a torus while walking "forward". The caption to the animation says that the path is then by definition a geodesic.

I would like to duplicate this animation in Maple (and other "walking forward" geodesics on other surfaces) which seems to require an exact definition of walking forward but I cannot find such a definition on this or any other website.

Also, I thought that a geodesic is the shortest distance between two points in space, but no such end points are shown in the website's animation. Then how can the word geodesic apply to the insect's path?

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