Maple 17 Questions and Posts

These are Posts and Questions associated with the product, Maple 17

I received an unexpected error message when trying to minimize a function: evaluating

returns the error message

Error, (in @) too many levels of recursion

Why am I getting this message?  It's hard for me to see how minimizing a function involves recursion, unless Maple is trying to iteratively approximate a solution.

I have a question regarding following problem:

assume(a > 0, a < 1, t > 0, Z0 > 0, z > 0)

f1 := proc (z) options operator, arrow; 1/z end proc

proc (z) options operator, arrow; 1/z end proc


I_1 := int(f1(z)*ln((a*z+1)/(1+z/a)), z = 0 .. Z0); 1; MultiSeries:-asympt(%, Z0, 3)



Using the representation which should hold for all a>0 and z>0

int(z*exp(t)*(a^2-1)/((exp(t)+a*z)*(exp(t)*a+z)), t = 0 .. infinity); 1; combine(%)



I'm calculating the result the other way around

int(z*exp(t)*(a^2-1)*f1(z)/((exp(t)+a*z)*(exp(t)*a+z)), z = 0 .. Z0); 1; I_2 := int(%, t = 0 .. infinity); 1; MultiSeries:-asympt(%, Z0, 3)



plot(eval([I_1, I_2], a = 1/2), Z0 = 0 .. 10)


So the results are the same.

But if I calculate this with another function

f2 := proc (z) options operator, arrow; 1/(z*(z+a)) end proc

proc (z) options operator, arrow; 1/(z*(z+a)) end proc


I_3 := int(f2(z)*ln((a*z+1)/(1+z/a)), z = 0 .. Z0); 1; MultiSeries:-asympt(%, Z0, 3)



int(z*exp(t)*(a^2-1)*f2(z)/((exp(t)+z*a)*(exp(t)*a+z)), z = 0 .. Z0); 1; I_4 := IntegrationTools:-Change(int(%, t = 0 .. infinity), t = ln(z)); 1; MultiSeries:-asympt(%, Z0, 3); 1; simplify(convert(convert(MultiSeries:-series(I_4, Z0, 1), polynom), polynom))



I get another result :-/ The Integral doesn't even vanish in the limit Z0 -> 0

Though if I take the limit prior:

int(z*exp(t)*(a^2-1)*f2(z)/((exp(t)+z*a)*(exp(t)*a+z)), z = 0 .. infinity);



the result is correct. What is the problem here?



Hi MaplePrimers!

I have a simulation in MapleSIM, exported as a compiled procedure in maple using -LinkModel(), and -GetCompiledProc.

I'm trying to do parameter estimation on my MapleSIM model.  Within a optimization scheme, I call the MapleSIM model, and it will output a curve.  Using a least squares method, I compare this measurements to synthetic experimental data (I know the actual values), and generate an objective function.  The optimization algorithm will try different parameter values, and try to minimze the objective function.  When the curves are exactly the same, the objective function will be zero.

The problem I am having is certain parameter sets will cause the model to require very small steps.  I wish to put a timeout on these experiments, because speed is important.  However, I would also like to see the results up to the point of requiring very small steps.  For timeout, I was using code along the lines of:

out:= timelimit(30,cProc(params = PData)); #simulate with 30s limit

where PData are the parameter guessses, and cProc is the compiled MapleSim model.

I would like 'out' to be assigned whatever the results were after 30 seconds, even if the model had not finished integrating.


Thanks in advance for any help!


     there is a common  differential equation in my maple note,the solution of the eq. can be expressed by

associated Legendre function(s),but i get a result by hypergeometric i can translate the later into a  single Legendre fun?

 Thank you in advance  

ode := 'sin(theta)*(diff(sin(theta)*(diff(Theta(theta), theta)), theta))'/Theta(theta)+l*(l+1)*sin(theta)^2 = m^2

sin(theta)*(diff(sin(theta)*(diff(Theta(theta), theta)), theta))/Theta(theta)+l*(l+1)*sin(theta)^2 = m^2



Theta(theta) = _C1*((1/2)*cos(2*theta)-1/2)^((1/2)*m)*sin(2*theta)*hypergeom([(1/2)*m+(1/2)*l+1, (1/2)*m-(1/2)*l+1/2], [3/2], (1/2)*cos(2*theta)+1/2)/(1-cos(2*theta))^(1/2)+_C2*hypergeom([(1/2)*m-(1/2)*l, (1/2)*m+(1/2)*l+1/2], [1/2], (1/2)*cos(2*theta)+1/2)*(-2*cos(2*theta)+2)^(1/2)*((1/2)*cos(2*theta)-1/2)^((1/2)*m)/(1-cos(2*theta))^(1/2)


`assuming`([simplify(dsolve(ode))], [l::posint, m::integer, l >= m])

Theta(theta) = ((1/2)*cos(2*theta)-1/2)^((1/2)*m)*(sin(2*theta)*hypergeom([(1/2)*m+(1/2)*l+1, (1/2)*m-(1/2)*l+1/2], [3/2], (1/2)*cos(2*theta)+1/2)*_C1+2^(1/2)*(1-cos(2*theta))^(1/2)*hypergeom([(1/2)*m-(1/2)*l, (1/2)*m+(1/2)*l+1/2], [1/2], (1/2)*cos(2*theta)+1/2)*_C2)/(1-cos(2*theta))^(1/2)


convert(Theta(theta) = _C1*((1/2)*cos(2*theta)-1/2)^((1/2)*m)*sin(2*theta)*hypergeom([(1/2)*m+(1/2)*l+1, (1/2)*m-(1/2)*l+1/2], [3/2], (1/2)*cos(2*theta)+1/2)/(1-cos(2*theta))^(1/2)+_C2*hypergeom([(1/2)*m-(1/2)*l, (1/2)*m+(1/2)*l+1/2], [1/2], (1/2)*cos(2*theta)+1/2)*(-2*cos(2*theta)+2)^(1/2)*((1/2)*cos(2*theta)-1/2)^((1/2)*m)/(1-cos(2*theta))^(1/2), `2F1`)

Theta(theta) = (1/2)*_C1*((1/2)*cos(2*theta)-1/2)^((1/2)*m)*sin(2*theta)*Pi^(1/2)*GAMMA(-(1/2)*m-(1/2)*l)*JacobiP(-(1/2)*m-(1/2)*l-1, 1/2, m, -cos(2*theta))/((1-cos(2*theta))^(1/2)*GAMMA(1/2-(1/2)*m-(1/2)*l))+_C2*Pi^(1/2)*GAMMA(1-(1/2)*m+(1/2)*l)*JacobiP(-(1/2)*m+(1/2)*l, -1/2, m, -cos(2*theta))*(-2*cos(2*theta)+2)^(1/2)*((1/2)*cos(2*theta)-1/2)^((1/2)*m)/((1-cos(2*theta))^(1/2)*GAMMA(-(1/2)*m+(1/2)*l+1/2))






I have an ipad air 16G running ios 7.0.4 and downloaded the MaplePlayer APP.  t seems to crash on several of the routines for example, "Approximaing Sphere" and "Linear System Tutor". The app was last updated in 2011.  Do you have plans to any upgrades plan in the near future?

Hi MaplePrimers,

I'm trying to solve a system of algebraic equations using 'solve' [float].  I'd prefer to use 'solve' over 'fsolve', as 'solve' solves my system in about 0.05s, whereas fsolve takes about 5 seconds.  I need to solve the system repeatedly at a different points, so time is important.  I don't know why there is such a large difference in time ... 

I have a few piecewise functions of order 3 to 5.  It solves fine with the other (piecewise) equations, but adding one piecewise function which gives me an error while trying to solve:

Error, (in RootOf) _Z occurs but is not the dependent variable.

I think this is due to solve finding multiple solutions.  Is there a way to limit solve to only real solutions?

Thanks in advance!

I have theoretically 3(could eventually be more) layers with an incident wave with a wave equation for that wave.

It refracts into the 2nd layer from the first and now has a 2nd wave equation, then from the 2nd into the 3rd layer with a 3rd wave equation.

All the wave equations are of the form, Psi(z) = A_1psi_1(z) + B_1psi_2(z); this is just a general solution where psi_1&2 are linearly independant solutions that make up the general equation above and A_1 and B_1 are constant coefficients that would be A_2,B_2 and A_3,B_3 for the 2nd and 3rd layers respectively.

Transfer matrix method gives A_1,B_1 in terms of A_2,B_2(as it transfers from layer 1 to 2 they equate under boundary conditions so you can solve the simultaneous equations for results). You create a matrix of these results and multiply it with the respective matrix of the 2nd layer to 3rd layer to give you the overall transfer matrix from one side of the system to the other.

I think something to do with transfer function but not sure how to use it or set up the problem. 

Thanks in advance for any pointers.


Good afternoon sir.


I request your kind support to the above cited query.



With thanks & Regards



Assistant Professor in Mathematics

SR International Institute of Technology,

Hyderabad, Andhra Pradesh, INDIA.

Dear users

A friend of of mine has a problem with an integral and since it's for his thesis, it's pretty important. 

That's why I ask it here cause I don't know where to ask it elsewhere, so if it's wrong posted, completely my bad.






With other words, I want to integrate the wole thing to the variable o, who appears in the variables l and R.

Somehow, when I put this in Maple, it won't solve it. Probably it's just a stupid fault or i just forget something, but i don't find it. Does anyone knows how to solve it?

Already a lot of thanks!


Good morning sir.


I request your kind support to the above cited question.



With thanks & Regards



Assistant Professor in Mathematics

SR International Institute of Technology,

Hyderabad, Andhra Pradesh, INDIA.

I have 2nd order nonlinear ode I try to solve with Runge Kutta 4th order method in maple but all I get from the out is 1 and 0.This is the equation: . How do I do it Or how do I write the code to solve it with maple using  Runge Kutta 4th order method?

Dear All,

please help me with my problem. i have quite a big program all parts of which are distributed in the several code edit regions and in the main text. i'd like to find all occurenses of gven text in all open documents including code edit regions. i know how to do it manually by openening each code edit regiong and pressing Ctrl-F. however it is very time consuming and defocuses me apart from my main tasks. i'd prefer to use some combinations of 'hot keys' on the keybord or one or two mouse clicks as for example in MS Visual Studio.  

I am creating a plot in Maple17 which will include many line segments and polygons.  I want the axes to be equally scaled, so that line segments that are perpendicular actually look perpendicular.  When I view what I have created so far, line segments that are perpendicular do not appear to be so in a plot, even though I used the "scaling=constrained" option several times.  I created a stripped-down file that isolates the problem.  Here it is:



segp := proc(pt1, pt2)
  description "plot of line segment between two points";
  local m;
end proc:

slope := proc(pt1, pt2)
  description "slope of line segment btwn two different points";
end proc:



pa9:=[0.1864032968, 0.9824733131];

[.1864032968, .9824733131]


pa16:=[0.6816387600, 0.7316888689];

[.6816387600, .7316888689]


pd9:=[0.05940746930, 0.7316888689];

[0.5940746930e-1, .7316888689]












An angle that should be a right angle looks obtuse in the plot.  I used "scaling=constrained" in both the "display" command and the "segp" procedure.  I am using "polygonplot" to plot line segments (degenerate polygons) because the final plot will contain genuine polygons and this seemed like the easiest way to do it.  If this is a bad idea for some reason I can change it.



Hello, everyone!

Last week I’ve encountered problems with integration of Maple 17 in Microsoft Office Excel 2013. The Maplesoft note on the point ( offers some ways of fixing it up, though I’ve run all of them the problem is the same:

While the connection is established, after entering the formula “=Maple(“x+x”)”, the Excel returns “Critical Error in Formula”

Before contacting the Maplesoft Technical Support, I want to ask here whether someone had the same case and managed to solve it.

Many thanks in advance.

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