ogunmiloro

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MaplePrimes Activity


These are replies submitted by ogunmiloro

@mmcdara yes the analysis of the two graphs

@mmcdara 
Yes the graph of @Carl Love and the histogram-scatterplot diagram you plotted

@mmcdara 

Once again, thanks for your positive effort towards this work.
My question is how do i analyze this graph analytically, especially when it declines and later peaks high reaching 0.8 value?
The analysis of the grahical behavior as regards the transition

@mmcdara 
Thanks, it worked perfectly well

@Carl Love 
Pls i have problems running the code on my PC with my MAPLE version. It gave errors
 

P:= <0.6199, 0.1450, 0.0636, 0.1549, 0.0166;
     0.6550, 0.0002, 0.0870, 0.1827, 0.0751;
     0.2990, 0.1294, 0.0010, 0.4925, 0.0781;  
     0.2773, 0.7184, 0.0043, 0,      0;
     0.0009, 0.6229, 0.3762, 0,      0
>:

V:= [S, I__1, I__2, I__3, R]:

n:= nops(V):

GT:= GraphTheory:  LA:= LinearAlgebra:

MC:= GT:-Graph(
    V,
    {seq(seq([[V[i],V[j]], P[i,j]], i= 1..n), j= 1..n)}
);
    

Error, (in GraphTheory:-Graph) invalid edge/arc: [[I__1, I__1], 0.2e-3]

 

GT:-DrawGraph(MC);

Error, invalid input: GraphTheory:-DrawGraph expects its 1st argument, H, to be of type {GRAPHLN, list(GRAPHLN), set(GRAPHLN)}, but received MC

 

Find long-term probability of being in each state:

V =~ LA:-LinearSolve(
    <P-Matrix(n, shape= identity) | <seq(1, 1..n)>>^+,
    <seq(0, 1..n), 1>
);

Error, invalid input: seq received 1 .. n, which is not valid for its 2nd argument, i

 

 


 

Download Markov_chain.mw

@mmcdara
Thank you very much for the detailed analysis. However, i have problems running the codes on my PC using. The codes were giving errors. I'm not sure if my Maple version supports your code but i attached it.

 

restart:

with(Statistics):

P:= <0.6199, 0.1450, 0.0636, 0.1549, 0.0166;

     0.6550, 0.0002, 0.0870, 0.1827, 0.0751;

     0.2990, 0.1294, 0.0010, 0.4925, 0.0781;  

     0.2773, 0.7184, 0.0043, 0,      0;

     0.0009, 0.6229, 0.3762, 0,      0

>;

 

P := Matrix(5, 5, {(1, 1) = .6199, (1, 2) = .1450, (1, 3) = 0.636e-1, (1, 4) = .1549, (1, 5) = 0.166e-1, (2, 1) = .6550, (2, 2) = 0.2e-3, (2, 3) = 0.870e-1, (2, 4) = .1827, (2, 5) = 0.751e-1, (3, 1) = .2990, (3, 2) = .1294, (3, 3) = 0.10e-2, (3, 4) = .4925, (3, 5) = 0.781e-1, (4, 1) = .2773, (4, 2) = .7184, (4, 3) = 0.43e-2, (4, 4) = 0, (4, 5) = 0, (5, 1) = 0.9e-3, (5, 2) = .6229, (5, 3) = .3762, (5, 4) = 0, (5, 5) = 0})

(1)

# Generate REP=100 random perturbations of the stochastic matrix P.
# The perturbations are stochastic matrices too (Q[1], ...Q[100]).
#
# The idea is to generate random perturbations of each row such that the sum of their elements still equal 1.
# This can be done using Dirichlet distributions with ad hoc parameters.
# For the sake of simplicity each parameter is proportional to p[i, j] (p[i,j]*100).
#
# Remark : The Gamma Distribution is defined for strictly positivee parameters.
# Then lines 4 and 5 must be treated separately

alpha := [1.$5]: # "Equal" perturbations
REP   := 100:

Q := NULL:

for r from 1 to REP do
  X := NULL:
  for i from 1 to 3 do
    alpha := [entries(P[i], nolist)*100]:
    G  := seq(Sample(GammaDistribution(1, alpha[i]), 1)[1], i=1..5):
    GG := add(G):
    X  := X, convert([G/~GG], Vector[row]);
  end do:
  for i from 4 to 5 do
    alpha := [entries(P[i, 1..3], nolist)*100]:
    G  := seq(Sample(GammaDistribution(1, alpha[i]), 1)[1], i=1..3), 0$2:
    GG := add(G):
    X  := X, convert([G/~GG], Vector[row]);
  end do:
  Q := Q, <X>
end do:

Error, invalid input: add expects 2 arguments, but received 1

 

# Example
# Compute the Mean of the stochastic matrices

MeanStochasticMatrix := Matrix(5, 5, (i, j) -> Mean([seq(Q[k][i, j], k=1..REP)]));
# Verify the mean of stochastic perturbations is itself a stochastic matrix
% . Vector(5, 1)

Error, (in Matrix) invalid subscript selector

 

Warning, inserted missing semicolon at end of statement

 

Vector(5, {(1) = 74206.7589871089, (2) = 74206.7589871089, (3) = 74206.7589871089, (4) = 74206.7589871089, (5) = 74206.7589871089})

(2)

# Standard deviation of  stochastic matrices

SdevMatrix := Matrix(5, 5, (i, j) -> StandardDeviation([seq(Q[k][i, j], k=1..REP)]));
 

Error, (in Matrix) invalid subscript selector

 

# 1% and 99% Quantiles

Q01Matrix := Matrix(5, 5, (i, j) -> sort([seq(Q[k][i, j], k=1..REP)])[2]);
Q99Matrix := Matrix(5, 5, (i, j) -> sort([seq(Q[k][i, j], k=1..REP)])[99]);

Error, (in Matrix) invalid subscript selector

 

Error, (in Matrix) invalid subscript selector

 

# Other choices of the parameters "alpha" of the Dirichlet distributions will lead to other quantiles.
# So it's up to you to define what these alpha are

``


 

Download Dirichlet_Markov_Chain.mw

 

@Carl Love Thanks for the wonderful job done and your unalloyed support to this work
I still have some problems;
(1) The matrix P values are estimates, How do i obtain the standard deviation and 99% confidence interval values for each estimated values in the matrix P
(2) I also need to plot a curve describing the first transition and the cummulative transtion of the matrix

@Carl Love Thanks for the observation. I made the corrections but i got another error

Error, (in Optimization:-NLPSolve) non-numeric result encountered


 

restart; with(plots); with(Optimization); with(Statistics)

Optimization[Interactive]();

`&Pi;h` := .1097250;

.1097250

 

0.863781636e-1

 

.15151

 

.3333

 

.5905

 

.6905

 

.6302

 

.701

 

500

 

500

(1)

times := [5, 10, 15, 20, 25, 30, 35, 40, 45, 50, 55, 60, 65, 70, 75, 80, 85, 90, 95, 100, 105, 110, 115, 120, 125, 130, 135, 140, 145, 150, 155, 160, 165, 170, 175, 180, 185, 190, 195, 200, 205, 210, 215, 220, 225, 230, 235, 240, 245, 250, 255, 260, 265];

[5, 10, 15, 20, 25, 30, 35, 40, 45, 50, 55, 60, 65, 70, 75, 80, 85, 90, 95, 100, 105, 110, 115, 120, 125, 130, 135, 140, 145, 150, 155, 160, 165, 170, 175, 180, 185, 190, 195, 200, 205, 210, 215, 220, 225, 230, 235, 240, 245, 250, 255, 260, 265]

(2)

C[f] := [1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 3, 8, 12, 12, 22, 30, 40, 44, 51, 65, 70, 97, 111, 131, 135, 174, 184, 210, 214, 232, 238, 254, 276, 285, 305, 318, 323, 343, 373, 407, 442, 493, 542, 627, 665, 782, 873, 981, 1095, 1182, 1273, 1337, 1532, 1728, 1932, 2170, 2388, 2558, 2802, 2950, 3145, 3526, 3912, 4151, 4399, 4641, 4787, 4971, 5162, 5445, 5621, 5959, 6175, 6401, 6677, 7016, 7261, 7526, 7839, 8068, 8344, 8733, 8915, 9302, 9855, 10162, 10819, 11166, 11516, 11844, 12233, 12486, 12801, 13464, 13873, 14554, 15181, 15682, 16085, 16658, 17148, 17735]:

DE1 := diff(St(T), T) = `&Pi;h`-a1*`&beta;x`*St(T)*(k1*IT(T)+k2*Mi(T)+omega(k3*Ib(T)+k2*Mi(T)))/Nh-(mu+beta2*Ev(T))*St(T)+sigma*Th(T):

res := dsolve({DE1, DE2, DE3, DE4, DE5, DE6, DE7, ics}, parameters = [a1, `&beta;x`, beta2, sigma, ro, `&alpha;o`, alpha1, r1, ko, eo, a2, `&beta;y`], numeric);

proc (x_rkf45) local _res, _dat, _vars, _solnproc, _xout, _ndsol, _pars, _n, _i; option `Copyright (c) 2000 by Waterloo Maple Inc. All rights reserved.`; if 1 < nargs then error "invalid input: too many arguments" end if; _EnvDSNumericSaveDigits := Digits; Digits := 15; if _EnvInFsolve = true then _xout := evalf[_EnvDSNumericSaveDigits](x_rkf45) else _xout := evalf(x_rkf45) end if; _dat := Array(1..4, {(1) = proc (_xin) local _xout, _dtbl, _dat, _vmap, _x0, _y0, _val, _dig, _n, _ne, _nd, _nv, _pars, _ini, _par, _i, _j, _k, _src; option `Copyright (c) 2002 by Waterloo Maple Inc. All rights reserved.`; table( [( "complex" ) = false ] ) _xout := _xin; _pars := [a1 = a1, `&beta;x` = `&beta;x`, beta2 = beta2, sigma = sigma, ro = ro, `&alpha;o` = `&alpha;o`, alpha1 = alpha1, r1 = r1, ko = ko, eo = eo, a2 = a2, `&beta;y` = `&beta;y`]; _dtbl := array( 1 .. 4, [( 1 ) = (array( 1 .. 20, [( 1 ) = (datatype = float[8], order = C_order, storage = rectangular), ( 2 ) = (datatype = float[8], order = C_order, storage = rectangular), ( 3 ) = ([0, 0, 0, Array(1..0, 1..2, {}, datatype = float[8], order = C_order)]), ( 4 ) = (Array(1..53, {(1) = 7, (2) = 7, (3) = 0, (4) = 0, (5) = 12, (6) = 0, (7) = 0, (8) = 0, (9) = 0, (10) = 0, (11) = 0, (12) = 0, (13) = 0, (14) = 0, (15) = 0, (16) = 0, (17) = 0, (18) = 0, (19) = 30000, (20) = 0, (21) = 0, (22) = 1, (23) = 4, (24) = 0, (25) = 1, (26) = 15, (27) = 1, (28) = 0, (29) = 1, (30) = 3, (31) = 3, (32) = 0, (33) = 1, (34) = 0, (35) = 0, (36) = 0, (37) = 0, (38) = 0, (39) = 0, (40) = 0, (41) = 0, (42) = 0, (43) = 1, (44) = 0, (45) = 0, (46) = 0, (47) = 0, (48) = 0, (49) = 0, (50) = 50, (51) = 1, (52) = 0, (53) = 0}, datatype = integer[8])), ( 5 ) = (Array(1..28, {(1) = .0, (2) = 0.10e-5, (3) = .0, (4) = 0.500001e-14, (5) = .0, (6) = .0, (7) = .0, (8) = 0.10e-5, (9) = .0, (10) = .0, (11) = .0, (12) = .0, (13) = 1.0, (14) = .0, (15) = .49999999999999, (16) = .0, (17) = 1.0, (18) = 1.0, (19) = .0, (20) = .0, (21) = 1.0, (22) = 1.0, (23) = .0, (24) = .0, (25) = 0.10e-14, (26) = .0, (27) = .0, (28) = .0}, datatype = float[8], order = C_order)), ( 6 ) = (Array(1..19, {(1) = 240., (2) = 380., (3) = 245., (4) = 300., (5) = 400., (6) = 500., (7) = 270., (8) = Float(undefined), (9) = Float(undefined), (10) = Float(undefined), (11) = Float(undefined), (12) = Float(undefined), (13) = Float(undefined), (14) = Float(undefined), (15) = Float(undefined), (16) = Float(undefined), (17) = Float(undefined), (18) = Float(undefined), (19) = Float(undefined)})), ( 7 ) = ([Array(1..4, 1..7, {(1, 1) = .0, (1, 2) = .203125, (1, 3) = .3046875, (1, 4) = .75, (1, 5) = .8125, (1, 6) = .40625, (1, 7) = .8125, (2, 1) = 0.6378173828125e-1, (2, 2) = .0, (2, 3) = .279296875, (2, 4) = .27237892150878906, (2, 5) = -0.9686851501464844e-1, (2, 6) = 0.1956939697265625e-1, (2, 7) = .5381584167480469, (3, 1) = 0.31890869140625e-1, (3, 2) = .0, (3, 3) = -.34375, (3, 4) = -.335235595703125, (3, 5) = .2296142578125, (3, 6) = .41748046875, (3, 7) = 11.480712890625, (4, 1) = 0.9710520505905151e-1, (4, 2) = .0, (4, 3) = .40350341796875, (4, 4) = 0.20297467708587646e-1, (4, 5) = -0.6054282188415527e-2, (4, 6) = -0.4770040512084961e-1, (4, 7) = .77858567237854}, datatype = float[8], order = C_order), Array(1..6, 1..6, {(1, 1) = .0, (1, 2) = .0, (1, 3) = .0, (1, 4) = .0, (1, 5) = .0, (1, 6) = 1.0, (2, 1) = .25, (2, 2) = .0, (2, 3) = .0, (2, 4) = .0, (2, 5) = .0, (2, 6) = 1.0, (3, 1) = .1875, (3, 2) = .5625, (3, 3) = .0, (3, 4) = .0, (3, 5) = .0, (3, 6) = 2.0, (4, 1) = .23583984375, (4, 2) = -.87890625, (4, 3) = .890625, (4, 4) = .0, (4, 5) = .0, (4, 6) = .2681884765625, (5, 1) = .1272735595703125, (5, 2) = -.5009765625, (5, 3) = .44921875, (5, 4) = -0.128936767578125e-1, (5, 5) = .0, (5, 6) = 0.626220703125e-1, (6, 1) = -0.927734375e-1, (6, 2) = .626220703125, (6, 3) = -.4326171875, (6, 4) = .1418304443359375, (6, 5) = -0.861053466796875e-1, (6, 6) = .3131103515625}, datatype = float[8], order = C_order), Array(1..6, {(1) = .0, (2) = .386, (3) = .21, (4) = .63, (5) = 1.0, (6) = 1.0}, datatype = float[8], order = C_order), Array(1..6, {(1) = .25, (2) = -.1043, (3) = .1035, (4) = -0.362e-1, (5) = .0, (6) = .0}, datatype = float[8], order = C_order), Array(1..6, 1..5, {(1, 1) = .0, (1, 2) = .0, (1, 3) = .0, (1, 4) = .0, (1, 5) = .0, (2, 1) = 1.544, (2, 2) = .0, (2, 3) = .0, (2, 4) = .0, (2, 5) = .0, (3, 1) = .9466785280815533, (3, 2) = .25570116989825814, (3, 3) = .0, (3, 4) = .0, (3, 5) = .0, (4, 1) = 3.3148251870684886, (4, 2) = 2.896124015972123, (4, 3) = .9986419139977808, (4, 4) = .0, (4, 5) = .0, (5, 1) = 1.2212245092262748, (5, 2) = 6.019134481287752, (5, 3) = 12.537083329320874, (5, 4) = -.687886036105895, (5, 5) = .0, (6, 1) = 1.2212245092262748, (6, 2) = 6.019134481287752, (6, 3) = 12.537083329320874, (6, 4) = -.687886036105895, (6, 5) = 1.0}, datatype = float[8], order = C_order), Array(1..6, 1..5, {(1, 1) = .0, (1, 2) = .0, (1, 3) = .0, (1, 4) = .0, (1, 5) = .0, (2, 1) = -5.6688, (2, 2) = .0, (2, 3) = .0, (2, 4) = .0, (2, 5) = .0, (3, 1) = -2.4300933568337584, (3, 2) = -.20635991570891224, (3, 3) = .0, (3, 4) = .0, (3, 5) = .0, (4, 1) = -.10735290581452621, (4, 2) = -9.594562251021896, (4, 3) = -20.470286148096154, (4, 4) = .0, (4, 5) = .0, (5, 1) = 7.496443313968615, (5, 2) = -10.246804314641219, (5, 3) = -33.99990352819906, (5, 4) = 11.708908932061595, (5, 5) = .0, (6, 1) = 8.083246795922411, (6, 2) = -7.981132988062785, (6, 3) = -31.52159432874373, (6, 4) = 16.319305431231363, (6, 5) = -6.0588182388340535}, datatype = float[8], order = C_order), Array(1..3, 1..5, {(1, 1) = .0, (1, 2) = .0, (1, 3) = .0, (1, 4) = .0, (1, 5) = .0, (2, 1) = 10.126235083446911, (2, 2) = -7.487995877607633, (2, 3) = -34.800918615557414, (2, 4) = -7.9927717075687275, (2, 5) = 1.0251377232956207, (3, 1) = -.6762803392806898, (3, 2) = 6.087714651678606, (3, 3) = 16.43084320892463, (3, 4) = 24.767225114183653, (3, 5) = -6.5943891257167815}, datatype = float[8], order = C_order)]), ( 9 ) = ([Array(1..7, {(1) = .1, (2) = .1, (3) = .1, (4) = .1, (5) = .1, (6) = .1, (7) = .1}, datatype = float[8], order = C_order), Array(1..7, {(1) = .0, (2) = .0, (3) = .0, (4) = .0, (5) = .0, (6) = .0, (7) = .0}, datatype = float[8], order = C_order), Array(1..7, {(1) = .0, (2) = .0, (3) = .0, (4) = .0, (5) = .0, (6) = .0, (7) = .0}, datatype = float[8], order = C_order), Array(1..7, {(1) = .0, (2) = .0, (3) = .0, (4) = .0, (5) = .0, (6) = .0, (7) = .0}, datatype = float[8], order = C_order), Array(1..7, {(1) = .0, (2) = .0, (3) = .0, (4) = .0, (5) = .0, (6) = .0, (7) = .0}, datatype = float[8], order = C_order), Array(1..7, 1..7, {(1, 1) = .0, (1, 2) = .0, (1, 3) = .0, (1, 4) = .0, (1, 5) = .0, (1, 6) = .0, (1, 7) = .0, (2, 1) = .0, (2, 2) = .0, (2, 3) = .0, (2, 4) = .0, (2, 5) = .0, (2, 6) = .0, (2, 7) = .0, (3, 1) = .0, (3, 2) = .0, (3, 3) = .0, (3, 4) = .0, (3, 5) = .0, (3, 6) = .0, (3, 7) = .0, (4, 1) = .0, (4, 2) = .0, (4, 3) = .0, (4, 4) = .0, (4, 5) = .0, (4, 6) = .0, (4, 7) = .0, (5, 1) = .0, (5, 2) = .0, (5, 3) = .0, (5, 4) = .0, (5, 5) = .0, (5, 6) = .0, (5, 7) = .0, (6, 1) = .0, (6, 2) = .0, (6, 3) = .0, (6, 4) = .0, (6, 5) = .0, (6, 6) = .0, (6, 7) = .0, (7, 1) = .0, (7, 2) = .0, (7, 3) = .0, (7, 4) = .0, (7, 5) = .0, (7, 6) = .0, (7, 7) = .0}, datatype = float[8], order = C_order), Array(1..7, 1..7, {(1, 1) = .0, (1, 2) = .0, (1, 3) = .0, (1, 4) = .0, (1, 5) = .0, (1, 6) = .0, (1, 7) = .0, (2, 1) = .0, (2, 2) = .0, (2, 3) = .0, (2, 4) = .0, (2, 5) = .0, (2, 6) = .0, (2, 7) = .0, (3, 1) = .0, (3, 2) = .0, (3, 3) = .0, (3, 4) = .0, (3, 5) = .0, (3, 6) = .0, (3, 7) = .0, (4, 1) = .0, (4, 2) = .0, (4, 3) = .0, (4, 4) = .0, (4, 5) = .0, (4, 6) = .0, (4, 7) = .0, (5, 1) = .0, (5, 2) = .0, (5, 3) = .0, (5, 4) = .0, (5, 5) = .0, (5, 6) = .0, (5, 7) = .0, (6, 1) = .0, (6, 2) = .0, (6, 3) = .0, (6, 4) = .0, (6, 5) = .0, (6, 6) = .0, (6, 7) = .0, (7, 1) = .0, (7, 2) = .0, (7, 3) = .0, (7, 4) = .0, (7, 5) = .0, (7, 6) = .0, (7, 7) = .0}, datatype = float[8], order = C_order), Array(1..7, 1..6, {(1, 1) = .0, (1, 2) = .0, (1, 3) = .0, (1, 4) = .0, (1, 5) = .0, (1, 6) = .0, (2, 1) = .0, (2, 2) = .0, (2, 3) = .0, (2, 4) = .0, (2, 5) = .0, (2, 6) = .0, (3, 1) = .0, (3, 2) = .0, (3, 3) = .0, (3, 4) = .0, (3, 5) = .0, (3, 6) = .0, (4, 1) = .0, (4, 2) = .0, (4, 3) = .0, (4, 4) = .0, (4, 5) = .0, (4, 6) = .0, (5, 1) = .0, (5, 2) = .0, (5, 3) = .0, (5, 4) = .0, (5, 5) = .0, (5, 6) = .0, (6, 1) = .0, (6, 2) = .0, (6, 3) = .0, (6, 4) = .0, (6, 5) = .0, (6, 6) = .0, (7, 1) = .0, (7, 2) = .0, (7, 3) = .0, (7, 4) = .0, (7, 5) = .0, (7, 6) = .0}, datatype = float[8], order = C_order), Array(1..7, {(1) = 0, (2) = 0, (3) = 0, (4) = 0, (5) = 0, (6) = 0, (7) = 0}, datatype = integer[8]), Array(1..19, {(1) = .0, (2) = .0, (3) = .0, (4) = .0, (5) = .0, (6) = .0, (7) = .0, (8) = .0, (9) = .0, (10) = .0, (11) = .0, (12) = .0, (13) = .0, (14) = .0, (15) = .0, (16) = .0, (17) = .0, (18) = .0, (19) = .0}, datatype = float[8], order = C_order), Array(1..19, {(1) = .0, (2) = .0, (3) = .0, (4) = .0, (5) = .0, (6) = .0, (7) = .0, (8) = .0, (9) = .0, (10) = .0, (11) = .0, (12) = .0, (13) = .0, (14) = .0, (15) = .0, (16) = .0, (17) = .0, (18) = .0, (19) = .0}, datatype = float[8], order = C_order), Array(1..19, {(1) = .0, (2) = .0, (3) = .0, (4) = .0, (5) = .0, (6) = .0, (7) = .0, (8) = .0, (9) = .0, (10) = .0, (11) = .0, (12) = .0, (13) = .0, (14) = .0, (15) = .0, (16) = .0, (17) = .0, (18) = .0, (19) = .0}, datatype = float[8], order = C_order), Array(1..19, {(1) = .0, (2) = .0, (3) = .0, (4) = .0, (5) = .0, (6) = .0, (7) = .0, (8) = .0, (9) = .0, (10) = .0, (11) = .0, (12) = .0, (13) = .0, (14) = .0, (15) = .0, (16) = .0, (17) = .0, (18) = .0, (19) = .0}, datatype = float[8], order = C_order)]), ( 8 ) = ([Array(1..19, {(1) = .0, (2) = .0, (3) = .0, (4) = .0, (5) = .0, (6) = .0, (7) = .0, (8) = .0, (9) = .0, (10) = .0, (11) = .0, (12) = .0, (13) = .0, (14) = .0, (15) = .0, (16) = .0, (17) = .0, (18) = .0, (19) = .0}, datatype = float[8], order = C_order), Array(1..19, {(1) = .0, (2) = .0, (3) = .0, (4) = .0, (5) = .0, (6) = .0, (7) = .0, (8) = .0, (9) = .0, (10) = .0, (11) = .0, (12) = .0, (13) = .0, (14) = .0, (15) = .0, (16) = .0, (17) = .0, (18) = .0, (19) = .0}, datatype = float[8], order = C_order), Array(1..7, {(1) = .0, (2) = .0, (3) = .0, (4) = .0, (5) = .0, (6) = .0, (7) = .0}, datatype = float[8], order = C_order)]), ( 11 ) = (Array(1..6, 0..7, {(1, 1) = .0, (1, 2) = .0, (1, 3) = .0, (1, 4) = .0, (1, 5) = .0, (1, 6) = .0, (1, 7) = .0, (2, 0) = .0, (2, 1) = .0, (2, 2) = .0, (2, 3) = .0, (2, 4) = .0, (2, 5) = .0, (2, 6) = .0, (2, 7) = .0, (3, 0) = .0, (3, 1) = .0, (3, 2) = .0, (3, 3) = .0, (3, 4) = .0, (3, 5) = .0, (3, 6) = .0, (3, 7) = .0, (4, 0) = .0, (4, 1) = .0, (4, 2) = .0, (4, 3) = .0, (4, 4) = .0, (4, 5) = .0, (4, 6) = .0, (4, 7) = .0, (5, 0) = .0, (5, 1) = .0, (5, 2) = .0, (5, 3) = .0, (5, 4) = .0, (5, 5) = .0, (5, 6) = .0, (5, 7) = .0, (6, 0) = .0, (6, 1) = .0, (6, 2) = .0, (6, 3) = .0, (6, 4) = .0, (6, 5) = .0, (6, 6) = .0, (6, 7) = .0}, datatype = float[8], order = C_order)), ( 10 ) = ([proc (N, X, Y, YP) option `[Y[1] = Ev(T), Y[2] = IT(T), Y[3] = Ib(T), Y[4] = Mi(T), Y[5] = Ms(T), Y[6] = St(T), Y[7] = Th(T)]`; YP[1] := -Y[1]*Y[17]+Y[2]*Y[13]+Y[3]*Y[14]; YP[2] := (1/500)*Y[8]*Y[9]*Y[6]*(.5905*Y[2]+.6905*Y[4])-(0.863781636e-1+Y[12]+Y[13])*Y[2]; YP[3] := 0.1402000000e-2*Y[8]*Y[9]*Y[6]*(.6302*Y[3]+.6905*Y[4])-(0.863781636e-1+Y[15]+Y[14]+Y[16])*Y[3]; YP[4] := (1/500)*Y[18]*Y[19]*Y[5]*(.5905*Y[2]+.6905*Y[3]+Y[1])-.3333*Y[4]; YP[5] := .15151-(1/500)*Y[18]*Y[19]*Y[5]*(.5905*Y[2]+.6905*Y[3]+Y[1])-.3333*Y[5]; YP[6] := .1097250-(1/500)*Y[8]*Y[9]*Y[6]*(.5905*Y[2]+.6905*Y[4]+.701)-(0.863781636e-1+Y[10]*Y[1])*Y[6]+Y[11]*Y[7]; YP[7] := Y[12]*Y[2]+Y[15]*Y[3]-(0.863781636e-1+Y[11])*Y[7]; 0 end proc, -1, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0]), ( 13 ) = (), ( 12 ) = (), ( 15 ) = ("rkf45"), ( 14 ) = ([0, 0]), ( 18 ) = ([]), ( 19 ) = (0), ( 16 ) = ([0, 0, 0, []]), ( 17 ) = ([proc (N, X, Y, YP) option `[Y[1] = Ev(T), Y[2] = IT(T), Y[3] = Ib(T), Y[4] = Mi(T), Y[5] = Ms(T), Y[6] = St(T), Y[7] = Th(T)]`; YP[1] := -Y[1]*Y[17]+Y[2]*Y[13]+Y[3]*Y[14]; YP[2] := (1/500)*Y[8]*Y[9]*Y[6]*(.5905*Y[2]+.6905*Y[4])-(0.863781636e-1+Y[12]+Y[13])*Y[2]; YP[3] := 0.1402000000e-2*Y[8]*Y[9]*Y[6]*(.6302*Y[3]+.6905*Y[4])-(0.863781636e-1+Y[15]+Y[14]+Y[16])*Y[3]; YP[4] := (1/500)*Y[18]*Y[19]*Y[5]*(.5905*Y[2]+.6905*Y[3]+Y[1])-.3333*Y[4]; YP[5] := .15151-(1/500)*Y[18]*Y[19]*Y[5]*(.5905*Y[2]+.6905*Y[3]+Y[1])-.3333*Y[5]; YP[6] := .1097250-(1/500)*Y[8]*Y[9]*Y[6]*(.5905*Y[2]+.6905*Y[4]+.701)-(0.863781636e-1+Y[10]*Y[1])*Y[6]+Y[11]*Y[7]; YP[7] := Y[12]*Y[2]+Y[15]*Y[3]-(0.863781636e-1+Y[11])*Y[7]; 0 end proc, -1, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0]), ( 20 ) = ([])  ] ))  ] ); _y0 := Array(0..19, {(1) = 0., (2) = 240., (3) = 380., (4) = 245., (5) = 300., (6) = 400., (7) = 500., (8) = 270., (9) = undefined, (10) = undefined, (11) = undefined, (12) = undefined, (13) = undefined, (14) = undefined, (15) = undefined, (16) = undefined, (17) = undefined, (18) = undefined, (19) = undefined}); _vmap := array( 1 .. 7, [( 1 ) = (1), ( 2 ) = (2), ( 3 ) = (3), ( 4 ) = (4), ( 5 ) = (5), ( 6 ) = (6), ( 7 ) = (7)  ] ); _x0 := _dtbl[1][5][5]; _n := _dtbl[1][4][1]; _ne := _dtbl[1][4][3]; _nd := _dtbl[1][4][4]; _nv := _dtbl[1][4][16]; if not type(_xout, 'numeric') then if member(_xout, ["start", "left", "right"]) then if _Env_smart_dsolve_numeric = true or _dtbl[1][4][10] = 1 then if _xout = "left" then if type(_dtbl[2], 'table') then return _dtbl[2][5][1] end if elif _xout = "right" then if type(_dtbl[3], 'table') then return _dtbl[3][5][1] end if end if end if; return _dtbl[1][5][5] elif _xout = "method" then return _dtbl[1][15] elif _xout = "storage" then return evalb(_dtbl[1][4][10] = 1) elif _xout = "leftdata" then if not type(_dtbl[2], 'array') then return NULL else return eval(_dtbl[2]) end if elif _xout = "rightdata" then if not type(_dtbl[3], 'array') then return NULL else return eval(_dtbl[3]) end if elif _xout = "enginedata" then return eval(_dtbl[1]) elif _xout = "enginereset" then _dtbl[2] := evaln(_dtbl[2]); _dtbl[3] := evaln(_dtbl[3]); return NULL elif _xout = "initial" then return procname(_y0[0]) elif _xout = "laxtol" then return _dtbl[`if`(member(_dtbl[4], {2, 3}), _dtbl[4], 1)][5][18] elif _xout = "numfun" then return `if`(member(_dtbl[4], {2, 3}), _dtbl[_dtbl[4]][4][18], 0) elif _xout = "parameters" then return [seq(_y0[_n+_i], _i = 1 .. nops(_pars))] elif _xout = "initial_and_parameters" then return procname(_y0[0]), [seq(_y0[_n+_i], _i = 1 .. nops(_pars))] elif _xout = "last" then if _dtbl[4] <> 2 and _dtbl[4] <> 3 or _x0-_dtbl[_dtbl[4]][5][1] = 0. then error "no information is available on last computed point" else _xout := _dtbl[_dtbl[4]][5][1] end if elif _xout = "function" then if _dtbl[1][4][33]-2. = 0 then return eval(_dtbl[1][10], 1) else return eval(_dtbl[1][10][1], 1) end if elif _xout = "map" then return copy(_vmap) elif type(_xin, `=`) and type(rhs(_xin), 'list') and member(lhs(_xin), {"initial", "parameters", "initial_and_parameters"}) then _ini, _par := [], []; if lhs(_xin) = "initial" then _ini := rhs(_xin) elif lhs(_xin) = "parameters" then _par := rhs(_xin) elif select(type, rhs(_xin), `=`) <> [] then _par, _ini := selectremove(type, rhs(_xin), `=`) elif nops(rhs(_xin)) < nops(_pars)+1 then error "insufficient data for specification of initial and parameters" else _par := rhs(_xin)[-nops(_pars) .. -1]; _ini := rhs(_xin)[1 .. -nops(_pars)-1] end if; _xout := lhs(_xout); if _par <> [] then `dsolve/numeric/process_parameters`(_n, _pars, _par, _y0) end if; if _ini <> [] then `dsolve/numeric/process_initial`(_n-_ne, _ini, _y0, _pars, _vmap) end if; `dsolve/numeric/SC/reinitialize`(_dtbl, _y0, _n, procname, _pars); if _Env_smart_dsolve_numeric = true and type(_y0[0], 'numeric') and _dtbl[1][4][10] <> 1 then procname("right") := _y0[0]; procname("left") := _y0[0] end if; if _xout = "initial" then return [_y0[0], seq(_y0[_vmap[_i]], _i = 1 .. _n-_ne)] elif _xout = "parameters" then return [seq(_y0[_n+_i], _i = 1 .. nops(_pars))] else return [_y0[0], seq(_y0[_vmap[_i]], _i = 1 .. _n-_ne)], [seq(_y0[_n+_i], _i = 1 .. nops(_pars))] end if elif _xin = "eventstop" then if _nv = 0 then error "this solution has no events" end if; _i := _dtbl[4]; if _i <> 2 and _i <> 3 then return 0 end if; if _dtbl[_i][4][10] = 1 and assigned(_dtbl[5-_i]) and _dtbl[_i][4][9] < 10 and 10 <= _dtbl[5-_i][4][9] then _i := 5-_i; _dtbl[4] := _i; _j := round(_dtbl[_i][4][17]); return round(_dtbl[_i][3][1][_j, 1]) elif 10 <= _dtbl[_i][4][9] then _j := round(_dtbl[_i][4][17]); return round(_dtbl[_i][3][1][_j, 1]) else return 0 end if elif _xin = "eventstatus" then if _nv = 0 then error "this solution has no events" end if; _i := [selectremove(proc (a) options operator, arrow; _dtbl[1][3][1][a, 7] = 1 end proc, {seq(_j, _j = 1 .. round(_dtbl[1][3][1][_nv+1, 1]))})]; return ':-enabled' = _i[1], ':-disabled' = _i[2] elif _xin = "eventclear" then if _nv = 0 then error "this solution has no events" end if; _i := _dtbl[4]; if _i <> 2 and _i <> 3 then error "no events to clear" end if; if _dtbl[_i][4][10] = 1 and assigned(_dtbl[5-_i]) and _dtbl[_i][4][9] < 10 and 10 < _dtbl[5-_i][4][9] then _dtbl[4] := 5-_i; _i := 5-_i end if; if _dtbl[_i][4][9] < 10 then error "no events to clear" elif _nv < _dtbl[_i][4][9]-10 then error "event error condition cannot be cleared" else _j := _dtbl[_i][4][9]-10; if irem(round(_dtbl[_i][3][1][_j, 4]), 2) = 1 then error "retriggerable events cannot be cleared" end if; _j := round(_dtbl[_i][3][1][_j, 1]); for _k to _nv do if _dtbl[_i][3][1][_k, 1] = _j then if _dtbl[_i][3][1][_k, 2] = 3 then error "range events cannot be cleared" end if; _dtbl[_i][3][1][_k, 8] := _dtbl[_i][3][1][_nv+1, 8] end if end do; _dtbl[_i][4][17] := 0; _dtbl[_i][4][9] := 0; if _dtbl[1][4][10] = 1 then if _i = 2 then try procname(procname("left")) catch:  end try else try procname(procname("right")) catch:  end try end if end if end if; return  elif type(_xin, `=`) and member(lhs(_xin), {"eventdisable", "eventenable"}) then if _nv = 0 then error "this solution has no events" end if; if type(rhs(_xin), {('list')('posint'), ('set')('posint')}) then _i := {op(rhs(_xin))} elif type(rhs(_xin), 'posint') then _i := {rhs(_xin)} else error "event identifiers must be integers in the range 1..%1", round(_dtbl[1][3][1][_nv+1, 1]) end if; if select(proc (a) options operator, arrow; _nv < a end proc, _i) <> {} then error "event identifiers must be integers in the range 1..%1", round(_dtbl[1][3][1][_nv+1, 1]) end if; _k := {}; for _j to _nv do if member(round(_dtbl[1][3][1][_j, 1]), _i) then _k := `union`(_k, {_j}) end if end do; _i := _k; if lhs(_xin) = "eventdisable" then _dtbl[4] := 0; _j := [evalb(assigned(_dtbl[2]) and member(_dtbl[2][4][17], _i)), evalb(assigned(_dtbl[3]) and member(_dtbl[3][4][17], _i))]; for _k in _i do _dtbl[1][3][1][_k, 7] := 0; if assigned(_dtbl[2]) then _dtbl[2][3][1][_k, 7] := 0 end if; if assigned(_dtbl[3]) then _dtbl[3][3][1][_k, 7] := 0 end if end do; if _j[1] then for _k to _nv+1 do if _k <= _nv and not type(_dtbl[2][3][4][_k, 1], 'undefined') then userinfo(3, {'events', 'eventreset'}, `reinit #2, event code `, _k, ` to defined init `, _dtbl[2][3][4][_k, 1]); _dtbl[2][3][1][_k, 8] := _dtbl[2][3][4][_k, 1] elif _dtbl[2][3][1][_k, 2] = 0 and irem(iquo(round(_dtbl[2][3][1][_k, 4]), 32), 2) = 1 then userinfo(3, {'events', 'eventreset'}, `reinit #2, event code `, _k, ` to rate hysteresis init `, _dtbl[2][5][24]); _dtbl[2][3][1][_k, 8] := _dtbl[2][5][24] elif _dtbl[2][3][1][_k, 2] = 0 and irem(iquo(round(_dtbl[2][3][1][_k, 4]), 2), 2) = 0 then userinfo(3, {'events', 'eventreset'}, `reinit #2, event code `, _k, ` to initial init `, _x0); _dtbl[2][3][1][_k, 8] := _x0 else userinfo(3, {'events', 'eventreset'}, `reinit #2, event code `, _k, ` to fireinitial init `, _x0-1); _dtbl[2][3][1][_k, 8] := _x0-1 end if end do; _dtbl[2][4][17] := 0; _dtbl[2][4][9] := 0; if _dtbl[1][4][10] = 1 then procname(procname("left")) end if end if; if _j[2] then for _k to _nv+1 do if _k <= _nv and not type(_dtbl[3][3][4][_k, 2], 'undefined') then userinfo(3, {'events', 'eventreset'}, `reinit #3, event code `, _k, ` to defined init `, _dtbl[3][3][4][_k, 2]); _dtbl[3][3][1][_k, 8] := _dtbl[3][3][4][_k, 2] elif _dtbl[3][3][1][_k, 2] = 0 and irem(iquo(round(_dtbl[3][3][1][_k, 4]), 32), 2) = 1 then userinfo(3, {'events', 'eventreset'}, `reinit #3, event code `, _k, ` to rate hysteresis init `, _dtbl[3][5][24]); _dtbl[3][3][1][_k, 8] := _dtbl[3][5][24] elif _dtbl[3][3][1][_k, 2] = 0 and irem(iquo(round(_dtbl[3][3][1][_k, 4]), 2), 2) = 0 then userinfo(3, {'events', 'eventreset'}, `reinit #3, event code `, _k, ` to initial init `, _x0); _dtbl[3][3][1][_k, 8] := _x0 else userinfo(3, {'events', 'eventreset'}, `reinit #3, event code `, _k, ` to fireinitial init `, _x0+1); _dtbl[3][3][1][_k, 8] := _x0+1 end if end do; _dtbl[3][4][17] := 0; _dtbl[3][4][9] := 0; if _dtbl[1][4][10] = 1 then procname(procname("right")) end if end if else for _k in _i do _dtbl[1][3][1][_k, 7] := 1 end do; _dtbl[2] := evaln(_dtbl[2]); _dtbl[3] := evaln(_dtbl[3]); _dtbl[4] := 0; if _dtbl[1][4][10] = 1 then if _x0 <= procname("right") then try procname(procname("right")) catch:  end try end if; if procname("left") <= _x0 then try procname(procname("left")) catch:  end try end if end if end if; return  elif type(_xin, `=`) and lhs(_xin) = "eventfired" then if not type(rhs(_xin), 'list') then error "'eventfired' must be specified as a list" end if; if _nv = 0 then error "this solution has no events" end if; if _dtbl[4] <> 2 and _dtbl[4] <> 3 then error "'direction' must be set prior to calling/setting 'eventfired'" end if; _i := _dtbl[4]; _val := NULL; if not assigned(_EnvEventRetriggerWarned) then _EnvEventRetriggerWarned := false end if; for _k in rhs(_xin) do if type(_k, 'integer') then _src := _k elif type(_k, 'integer' = 'anything') and type(evalf(rhs(_k)), 'numeric') then _k := lhs(_k) = evalf[max(Digits, 18)](rhs(_k)); _src := lhs(_k) else error "'eventfired' entry is not valid: %1", _k end if; if _src < 1 or round(_dtbl[1][3][1][_nv+1, 1]) < _src then error "event identifiers must be integers in the range 1..%1", round(_dtbl[1][3][1][_nv+1, 1]) end if; _src := {seq(`if`(_dtbl[1][3][1][_j, 1]-_src = 0., _j, NULL), _j = 1 .. _nv)}; if nops(_src) <> 1 then error "'eventfired' can only be set/queried for root-finding events and time/interval events" end if; _src := _src[1]; if _dtbl[1][3][1][_src, 2] <> 0. and _dtbl[1][3][1][_src, 2]-2. <> 0. then error "'eventfired' can only be set/queried for root-finding events and time/interval events" elif irem(round(_dtbl[1][3][1][_src, 4]), 2) = 1 then if _EnvEventRetriggerWarned = false then WARNING(`'eventfired' has no effect on events that retrigger`) end if; _EnvEventRetriggerWarned := true end if; if _dtbl[_i][3][1][_src, 2] = 0 and irem(iquo(round(_dtbl[_i][3][1][_src, 4]), 32), 2) = 1 then _val := _val, undefined elif type(_dtbl[_i][3][4][_src, _i-1], 'undefined') or _i = 2 and _dtbl[2][3][1][_src, 8] < _dtbl[2][3][4][_src, 1] or _i = 3 and _dtbl[3][3][4][_src, 2] < _dtbl[3][3][1][_src, 8] then _val := _val, _dtbl[_i][3][1][_src, 8] else _val := _val, _dtbl[_i][3][4][_src, _i-1] end if; if type(_k, `=`) then if _dtbl[_i][3][1][_src, 2] = 0 and irem(iquo(round(_dtbl[_i][3][1][_src, 4]), 32), 2) = 1 then error "cannot set event code for a rate hysteresis event" end if; userinfo(3, {'events', 'eventreset'}, `manual set event code `, _src, ` to value `, rhs(_k)); _dtbl[_i][3][1][_src, 8] := rhs(_k); _dtbl[_i][3][4][_src, _i-1] := rhs(_k) end if end do; return [_val] elif type(_xin, `=`) and lhs(_xin) = "direction" then if not member(rhs(_xin), {-1, 1, ':-left', ':-right'}) then error "'direction' must be specified as either '1' or 'right' (positive) or '-1' or 'left' (negative)" end if; _src := `if`(_dtbl[4] = 2, -1, `if`(_dtbl[4] = 3, 1, undefined)); _i := `if`(member(rhs(_xin), {1, ':-right'}), 3, 2); _dtbl[4] := _i; _dtbl[_i] := `dsolve/numeric/SC/IVPdcopy`(_dtbl[1], `if`(assigned(_dtbl[_i]), _dtbl[_i], NULL)); if 0 < _nv then for _j to _nv+1 do if _j <= _nv and not type(_dtbl[_i][3][4][_j, _i-1], 'undefined') then userinfo(3, {'events', 'eventreset'}, `reinit #4, event code `, _j, ` to defined init `, _dtbl[_i][3][4][_j, _i-1]); _dtbl[_i][3][1][_j, 8] := _dtbl[_i][3][4][_j, _i-1] elif _dtbl[_i][3][1][_j, 2] = 0 and irem(iquo(round(_dtbl[_i][3][1][_j, 4]), 32), 2) = 1 then userinfo(3, {'events', 'eventreset'}, `reinit #4, event code `, _j, ` to rate hysteresis init `, _dtbl[_i][5][24]); _dtbl[_i][3][1][_j, 8] := _dtbl[_i][5][24] elif _dtbl[_i][3][1][_j, 2] = 0 and irem(iquo(round(_dtbl[_i][3][1][_j, 4]), 2), 2) = 0 then userinfo(3, {'events', 'eventreset'}, `reinit #4, event code `, _j, ` to initial init `, _x0); _dtbl[_i][3][1][_j, 8] := _x0 else userinfo(3, {'events', 'eventreset'}, `reinit #4, event code `, _j, ` to fireinitial init `, _x0-2*_i+5.0); _dtbl[_i][3][1][_j, 8] := _x0-2*_i+5.0 end if end do end if; return _src elif _xin = "eventcount" then if _dtbl[1][3][1] = 0 or _dtbl[4] <> 2 and _dtbl[4] <> 3 then return 0 else return round(_dtbl[_dtbl[4]][3][1][_nv+1, 12]) end if else return "procname" end if end if; if _xout = _x0 then return [_x0, seq(evalf(_dtbl[1][6][_vmap[_i]]), _i = 1 .. _n-_ne)] end if; _i := `if`(_x0 <= _xout, 3, 2); if _xin = "last" and 0 < _dtbl[_i][4][9] and _dtbl[_i][4][9] < 10 then _dat := eval(_dtbl[_i], 2); _j := _dat[4][20]; return [_dat[11][_j, 0], seq(_dat[11][_j, _vmap[_i]], _i = 1 .. _n-_ne-_nd), seq(_dat[8][1][_vmap[_i]], _i = _n-_ne-_nd+1 .. _n-_ne)] end if; if not type(_dtbl[_i], 'array') then _dtbl[_i] := `dsolve/numeric/SC/IVPdcopy`(_dtbl[1], `if`(assigned(_dtbl[_i]), _dtbl[_i], NULL)); if 0 < _nv then for _j to _nv+1 do if _j <= _nv and not type(_dtbl[_i][3][4][_j, _i-1], 'undefined') then userinfo(3, {'events', 'eventreset'}, `reinit #5, event code `, _j, ` to defined init `, _dtbl[_i][3][4][_j, _i-1]); _dtbl[_i][3][1][_j, 8] := _dtbl[_i][3][4][_j, _i-1] elif _dtbl[_i][3][1][_j, 2] = 0 and irem(iquo(round(_dtbl[_i][3][1][_j, 4]), 32), 2) = 1 then userinfo(3, {'events', 'eventreset'}, `reinit #5, event code `, _j, ` to rate hysteresis init `, _dtbl[_i][5][24]); _dtbl[_i][3][1][_j, 8] := _dtbl[_i][5][24] elif _dtbl[_i][3][1][_j, 2] = 0 and irem(iquo(round(_dtbl[_i][3][1][_j, 4]), 2), 2) = 0 then userinfo(3, {'events', 'eventreset'}, `reinit #5, event code `, _j, ` to initial init `, _x0); _dtbl[_i][3][1][_j, 8] := _x0 else userinfo(3, {'events', 'eventreset'}, `reinit #5, event code `, _j, ` to fireinitial init `, _x0-2*_i+5.0); _dtbl[_i][3][1][_j, 8] := _x0-2*_i+5.0 end if end do end if end if; if _xin <> "last" then if 0 < 0 then if `dsolve/numeric/checkglobals`(op(_dtbl[1][14]), _pars, _n, _y0) then `dsolve/numeric/SC/reinitialize`(_dtbl, _y0, _n, procname, _pars, _i) end if end if; if _dtbl[1][4][7] = 0 then error "parameters must be initialized before solution can be computed" end if end if; _dat := eval(_dtbl[_i], 2); _dtbl[4] := _i; try _src := `dsolve/numeric/SC/IVPrun`(_dat, _xout) catch: userinfo(2, `dsolve/debug`, print(`Exception in solnproc:`, [lastexception][2 .. -1])); error  end try; if _src = 0 and 10 < _dat[4][9] then _val := _dat[3][1][_nv+1, 8] else _val := _dat[11][_dat[4][20], 0] end if; if _src <> 0 or _dat[4][9] <= 0 then _dtbl[1][5][1] := _xout else _dtbl[1][5][1] := _val end if; if _i = 3 and _val < _xout then Rounding := -infinity; if _dat[4][9] = 1 then error "cannot evaluate the solution further right of %1, probably a singularity", evalf[8](_val) elif _dat[4][9] = 2 then error "cannot evaluate the solution further right of %1, maxfun limit exceeded (see ?dsolve,maxfun for details)", evalf[8](_val) elif _dat[4][9] = 3 then if _dat[4][25] = 3 then error "cannot evaluate the solution past the initial point, problem may be initially singular or improperly set up" else error "cannot evaluate the solution past the initial point, problem may be complex, initially singular or improperly set up" end if elif _dat[4][9] = 4 then error "cannot evaluate the solution further right of %1, accuracy goal cannot be achieved with specified 'minstep'", evalf[8](_val) elif _dat[4][9] = 5 then error "cannot evaluate the solution further right of %1, too many step failures, tolerances may be too loose for problem", evalf[8](_val) elif 10 < _dat[4][9] then if _dat[4][9]-10 = _nv+1 then error "constraint projection failure on event at t=%1", evalf[8](_val) elif _dat[4][9]-10 = _nv+2 then error "index-1 and derivative evaluation failure on event at t=%1", evalf[8](_val) elif _dat[4][9]-10 = _nv+3 then error "maximum number of event iterations reached (%1) at t=%2", round(_dat[3][1][_nv+1, 3]), evalf[8](_val) else if _Env_dsolve_nowarnstop <> true then `dsolve/numeric/warning`(StringTools:-FormatMessage("cannot evaluate the solution further right of %1, event #%2 triggered a halt", evalf[8](_val), round(_dat[3][1][_dat[4][9]-10, 1]))) end if; Rounding := 'nearest'; _xout := _val end if else error "cannot evaluate the solution further right of %1", evalf[8](_val) end if elif _i = 2 and _xout < _val then Rounding := infinity; if _dat[4][9] = 1 then error "cannot evaluate the solution further left of %1, probably a singularity", evalf[8](_val) elif _dat[4][9] = 2 then error "cannot evaluate the solution further left of %1, maxfun limit exceeded (see ?dsolve,maxfun for details)", evalf[8](_val) elif _dat[4][9] = 3 then if _dat[4][25] = 3 then error "cannot evaluate the solution past the initial point, problem may be initially singular or improperly set up" else error "cannot evaluate the solution past the initial point, problem may be complex, initially singular or improperly set up" end if elif _dat[4][9] = 4 then error "cannot evaluate the solution further left of %1, accuracy goal cannot be achieved with specified 'minstep'", evalf[8](_val) elif _dat[4][9] = 5 then error "cannot evaluate the solution further left of %1, too many step failures, tolerances may be too loose for problem", evalf[8](_val) elif 10 < _dat[4][9] then if _dat[4][9]-10 = _nv+1 then error "constraint projection failure on event at t=%1", evalf[8](_val) elif _dat[4][9]-10 = _nv+2 then error "index-1 and derivative evaluation failure on event at t=%1", evalf[8](_val) elif _dat[4][9]-10 = _nv+3 then error "maximum number of event iterations reached (%1) at t=%2", round(_dat[3][1][_nv+1, 3]), evalf[8](_val) else if _Env_dsolve_nowarnstop <> true then `dsolve/numeric/warning`(StringTools:-FormatMessage("cannot evaluate the solution further left of %1, event #%2 triggered a halt", evalf[8](_val), round(_dat[3][1][_dat[4][9]-10, 1]))) end if; Rounding := 'nearest'; _xout := _val end if else error "cannot evaluate the solution further left of %1", evalf[8](_val) end if end if; if _EnvInFsolve = true then _dig := _dat[4][26]; _dat[4][26] := _EnvDSNumericSaveDigits; _Env_dsolve_SC_native := true; if _dat[4][25] = 1 then _i := 1; _dat[4][25] := 2 else _i := _dat[4][25] end if; _val := `dsolve/numeric/SC/IVPval`(_dat, _xout, _src); _dat[4][25] := _i; _dat[4][26] := _dig; [_xout, seq(_val[_vmap[_i]], _i = 1 .. _n-_ne)] else Digits := _dat[4][26]; _val := `dsolve/numeric/SC/IVPval`(eval(_dat, 2), _xout, _src); [_xout, seq(_val[_vmap[_i]], _i = 1 .. _n-_ne)] end if end proc, (2) = Array(0..0, {}), (3) = [T, Ev(T), IT(T), Ib(T), Mi(T), Ms(T), St(T), Th(T)], (4) = [a1 = a1, `&beta;x` = `&beta;x`, beta2 = beta2, sigma = sigma, ro = ro, `&alpha;o` = `&alpha;o`, alpha1 = alpha1, r1 = r1, ko = ko, eo = eo, a2 = a2, `&beta;y` = `&beta;y`]}); _vars := _dat[3]; _pars := map(rhs, _dat[4]); _n := nops(_vars)-1; _solnproc := _dat[1]; if not type(_xout, 'numeric') then if member(x_rkf45, ["start", 'start', "method", 'method', "left", 'left', "right", 'right', "leftdata", "rightdata", "enginedata", "eventstop", 'eventstop', "eventclear", 'eventclear', "eventstatus", 'eventstatus', "eventcount", 'eventcount', "laxtol", 'laxtol', "numfun", 'numfun', NULL]) then _res := _solnproc(convert(x_rkf45, 'string')); if 1 < nops([_res]) then return _res elif type(_res, 'array') then return eval(_res, 1) elif _res <> "procname" then return _res end if elif member(x_rkf45, ["last", 'last', "initial", 'initial', "parameters", 'parameters', "initial_and_parameters", 'initial_and_parameters', NULL]) then _xout := convert(x_rkf45, 'string'); _res := _solnproc(_xout); if _xout = "parameters" then return [seq(_pars[_i] = _res[_i], _i = 1 .. nops(_pars))] elif _xout = "initial_and_parameters" then return [seq(_vars[_i+1] = [_res][1][_i+1], _i = 0 .. _n), seq(_pars[_i] = [_res][2][_i], _i = 1 .. nops(_pars))] else return [seq(_vars[_i+1] = _res[_i+1], _i = 0 .. _n)] end if elif type(_xout, `=`) and member(lhs(_xout), ["initial", 'initial', "parameters", 'parameters', "initial_and_parameters", 'initial_and_parameters', NULL]) then _xout := convert(lhs(x_rkf45), 'string') = rhs(x_rkf45); if type(rhs(_xout), 'list') then _res := _solnproc(_xout) else error "initial and/or parameter values must be specified in a list" end if; if lhs(_xout) = "initial" then return [seq(_vars[_i+1] = _res[_i+1], _i = 0 .. _n)] elif lhs(_xout) = "parameters" then return [seq(_pars[_i] = _res[_i], _i = 1 .. nops(_pars))] else return [seq(_vars[_i+1] = [_res][1][_i+1], _i = 0 .. _n), seq(_pars[_i] = [_res][2][_i], _i = 1 .. nops(_pars))] end if elif type(_xout, `=`) and member(lhs(_xout), ["eventdisable", 'eventdisable', "eventenable", 'eventenable', "eventfired", 'eventfired', "direction", 'direction', NULL]) then return _solnproc(convert(lhs(x_rkf45), 'string') = rhs(x_rkf45)) elif _xout = "solnprocedure" then return eval(_solnproc) elif _xout = "sysvars" then return _vars end if; if procname <> unknown then return ('procname')(x_rkf45) else _ndsol; _ndsol := pointto(_dat[2][0]); return ('_ndsol')(x_rkf45) end if end if; try _res := _solnproc(_xout); [seq(_vars[_i+1] = _res[_i+1], _i = 0 .. _n)] catch: error  end try end proc

(3)

sse := proc (a1, `&beta;x`, beta2, sigma, ro, `&alpha;o`, alpha1, r1, ko, eo, a2, `&beta;y`) local testRes; res(parameters = [a1, `&beta;x`, beta2, sigma, ro, `&alpha;o`, alpha1, r1, ko, eo, a2, `&beta;y`]); try testRes := add((C__f[i]-rhs(res(times[i])[3]))^2, i = 1 .. numelems(times)) catch "cannot evaluate the solution": testRes := 1000000000000 end try; return testRes end proc:

sse := proc (a1, `&beta;x`, beta2, sigma, ro, `&alpha;o`, alpha1, r1, ko, eo, a2, `&beta;y`) local testRes; res(parameters = [a1, `&beta;x`, beta2, sigma, ro, `&alpha;o`, alpha1, r1, ko, eo, a2, `&beta;y`]); try testRes := add((C__f[i]-rhs(res(times[i])[3]))^2, i = 1 .. numelems(times)) catch "cannot evaluate the solution": testRes := 1000000000000 end try; return testRes end proc:

optPars := Minimize(('sse')(a1, `&beta;x`, beta2, sigma, ro, `&alpha;o`, alpha1, r1, ko, eo, a2, `&beta;y`), initialpoint = {`&beta;x` = 0.21e-1, `&beta;y` = 0.212e-1, a1 = 0.114e-1, a2 = 0.119e-1, alpha1 = 0.432e-1, beta2 = 0.111e-1, eo = 0.114e-1, ko = 0.211e-1, r1 = 0.651e-1, ro = 0.601e-1, sigma = 0.1030e-1, `&alpha;o` = 0.431e-1}, assume = nonnegative, optimalitytolerance = 0.1e-4)

Error, (in Optimization:-NLPSolve) non-numeric result encountered

 

``

NULL


 

Download wrktrc.mw

@Kitonum  thanks for your effort. I think i'm getting my question wrong. What i intend to do is to solve for w1,w2, w3, w4, w5, w6. That is, the right eigenvectors associated to the matrix

@acer thanks for your concern. I think i'm getting my question wrong. What i intend to do is to solve for w1,w2, w3, w4, w5, w6. That is, the right eigenvectors associated to the matrix

@tomleslie thanks for your effort. I think i'm getting my question wrong. What i intend to do is to solve for w1,w2, w3, w4, w5, w6. That is, the right eigenvectors associated to the matrix

@Carl Love 
Answers to your questions
(1) Please rescale theinitial conditions accordingly
(2) In the new adjusted code, i have used the 153 values
(3) Let the time start at zero
(4) I have corrected times[1] to be times[i] and added the option maxfun

Note: Can C__f fit to the ooscillatory function. Please i need a fit to check the low error generated by the parametrization
CV.mw

@Carl Love Thanks. I have resend the code with adjustment. Please, i need the plot to see if the low error is correct
CV.mw

@tomleslie thanks very much. With your suggestions, i have adjusted the code and i got a very low error (which i'm not too sure of) with a warning sign

Warning, no iterations performed as initial point satisfies first-order conditions


With this low error, how can i display is graphically, thanks.
CV.mw

@Gillee Thnaks for your effort. I have seen your code, and i can see that the parametrization has a large error (1.e., no solution). What can i possibly do to minimize this error?

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